Daily News Prescription 2nd July 2019

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By Moderator July 2, 2019 07:40

GS 2

Polity and Governance

A blatant quest to consolidate power (The Hindu)

Just over a month after the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won an absolute majority in the 17th Lok Sabha, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has now urged parties to fall behind his ‘One Nation – One Election’ (ONOE) proposition: that State and national elections be held at a single point.

After nearly four decades, 95-year-old freedom fighter wins battle for pension (The Hindu)

The High Court noted that freedom fighter Heera Singh had applied for grant of pension under the Swatantrata Sainik Samman Pension Scheme (SSSPS) Pension Scheme in 1982. However, he had to fight a battle for nearly 40 years to secure his entitlement.

Lessons from Bhutan (The Hindu)

Bhutan’s teachers, doctors and other medical staff will earn more than civil servants of corresponding grades, if a policy recently announced by the country’s government is implemented.

Imitation registry (The Hindu)

Nagaland is following on the footsteps of its western neighbour, Assam, in the task of setting up a Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN).

Miles to go: self-care medical interventions (The Hindu)

According to the World Health Organization, which has released self-help guidelines for sexual and reproductive health, over 400 million across the world already lack access to essential health services and there will be a shortage of about 13 million health-care workers by 2035.

Is there a case for free rides for women? (The Hindu)

Women may soon get to travel for free on buses and Metro trains in Delhi. This gender-based public transport fare subsidy programme, announced by the Aam Aadmi Party government, has not been tested anywhere in India in the past

Violation of reservation in top posts at universities (The Hindu)

The introduction of the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Ordinance, 2019, which is meant to “provide for the reservation of posts in appointments by direct recruitment of persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the socially and educationally backward classes, to teachers’ cadre in certain Central Educational Institutions established, maintained or aided by the Central Government”, redresses the anomaly found in the recruitment of Other Backward Class (OBC) candidates at higher levels of teaching positions.

10% quota: SC to hear pleas for Constitution Bench on July 30 (The Hindu)

The Supreme Court on Monday agreed to consider on July 30 a batch of petitions to have a Constitution Bench examine the validity of a constitutional amendment providing 10% economic reservation in government jobs and educational institutions.

The line between OBC and SC (Indian Express)

The June 24 letter from the UP Social Welfare Department, sent to all divisional commissioners and district magistrates, refers to an order of the Allahabad High Court (dated March 29, 2017) and directs district authorities to issue caste certificates as per that order after scrutiny of documents.

Child labour cases: trend shows decline (Indian Express)

Minister of State (independent charge) for Labour & Employment Santosh Kumar Gangwar said the central government has taken cognisance of the practice of child labor still going on in various parts of the country in spite of a ban.

What changes with J&K Reservation Bill (Indian Express)

On Monday, Rajya Sabha the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Bill. Passed by Lok Sabha last week, the Bill partially amends a Presidential Order of 1954 in order to amend the state’s Reservation Act. The amendments were earlier effected through an ordinance after these had been approved by the Union Cabinet in February this year.

International relation

Iran breaches limit on uranium stockpile (The Hindu)

Iran acknowledged on Monday that it had broken the limit set on its stockpile of low-enriched uranium by the 2015 nuclear deal, marking its first major departure from the unraveling agreement a year after the U.S. unilaterally withdrew from the accord.

5G trials: China urges India to include Huawei (The Hindu)

Calling for India to include Huawei in its 5G trials despite the U.S. government’s opposition to the Chinese telecommunications major, a senior Chinese official said New Delhi must not be “exclusive” in its choice.

Trump bets big on diplomacy to solve Korean nuclear crisis (The Hindu)

Mr. Trump’s visit to the DMZ, which followed his surprise offer for talks via Twitter a day earlier, suggests that he is keen on pursuing the diplomatic option to achieve his goal — denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula.

The geopolitics of Indo-Pacific: How India and others interpret the term (Indian Express)

As a term to denote an economic and strategic community, it has been in use among scholars of international relations and geopolitics since the first decade of this century, around the same time as China’s rise.

India must lead the way in digital non-alignment (Hindustan Times)

This is an alternative to the present dependence on either the US or Chinese products and services

US-China: G-20, Huawei and India

The most noted outcome of the G-20 held in Osaka is the US-China ceasefire on trade. But a somewhat less expected outcome was the easing of the American ban on the Chinese telecom major, Huawei.

GS 3

Economy

Unemployment reports are misleading: Union Minister (The Hindu)

During Question Hour, Union Minister for Labour and Employment Santosh Kumar Gangwar said that reports on the high unemployment rate were misleading, and said job creation was a priority for the government.

Core sector growth slows to 5.1% (The Hindu)

The Index of Eight Core Industries saw growth slowing in May from the nine-month high of 6.3% registered in April. Nevertheless, the growth in May is the highest since July 2018, not counting April.

Manufacturing PMI dips to 52.1(The Hindu)

The Nikkei India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index stood at 52.1 in June, down from the three-month high of 52.7 in May.

GST: Two years on (Indian Express)

Going by international experience, GST has taken between two to five years to stabilise. In this context, in terms of revenue yield, the Indian GST has done remarkably well.

Govt may enhance RBI powers for better supervision of NBFCs (Indian Express)

Sources said some regulatory changes and measures relating to NBFCs sector are likely to be announced in the Union Budget slated on July 5. The RBI has already reduced the periodicity of the NBFC supervision to 12 months from 18 months earlier.

Will a pan-India discom recharge the power sector? (HT Mint)

The government plans to set up a national electricity distribution company (NEDC) as an equal joint JV between the state-run NTPC Ltd and Power Grid Corp. of India Ltd

Fresh investments plunge to a 15-year low (HT Mint)

Ahead of budget, new data shows a deepening investment slump as announcements of new projects fall and private sector projects stall at record rates

Cooperative federalism is a must for agricultural reform (HT Mint)

The new model of economic reforms, commonly known as the LPG or Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization model, is believed to have had limited influence on Indian agriculture.

Environment

What caused record temperatures, why it is a concern (Indian Express)

Gallargues-le-Montueux in southern France hit an all-time high of 45.9°C during the last week. Places in Germany (39.3°C), Czech Republic (38.9°C) and Poland (38.2°C) experienced record highs for the month of June.

‘Rising heat to cost India 34mn full-time jobs by 2030’ (Hindustan Times)

Heat stress, which refers to the increase in body heat from working and environmental conditions (apart from the kind of clothing worn) will lead to a productivity loss of 2.2% of total working hours around the world, equivalent to 80-million full-time jobs, by 2030, the report, released Monday said.

Govt plans to set aside 75% work under NREGS to conserve water  (Hindustan Times)

The move comes even as large parts of India reel under the impact of a water shortage, and with drought looming large in some cases.

Defence

MoD floats tenders for ships and crafts (The Hindu)

The Defence Ministry has issued four shipbuilding Requests for Proposal (RFP) amounting to ₹15,000 crore for the acquisition of various ships and craft for the Navy and the Coast Guard.

Finally, aircraft carrier INS Viraat to be scrapped (The Hindu)

Over two years after it was decommissioned from service, aircraft carrier Viraat is going to be scrapped, Parliament was informed on Monday. Efforts to keep it intact by converting it into a museum or other means have not been successful.

Moderator
By Moderator July 2, 2019 07:40