GS2: Governance

MGNREGA trends: fewer jobs since July, wider demand-supply gap (TH) The gap between the number of households demanding MGNREGA work and the number who were provided work has been the highest in 2019-20. This indicates that even if demand fell, supply of work fell even more.


GS2: International Relations

Explained: Significance of Iran, China, Russia holding the joint naval drill in Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman (IE) Iran, China and Russia Friday began a joint naval exercise in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman, in what is being seen as a response to recent US manoeuvers in the region.


GS1: Modern Indian History

Explained: Who was Swami Shraddhanand, who fell to bullets in December 1926 (IE) On December 23, 1926, Arya Samaj missionary Swami Shraddhanand was assassinated by a man called Abdul Rashid.


GS3: Environment

Winged visitors flock to Pulicat, with birdwatchers in tow (TH) District authorities plan to conduct annual flamingo festival in first week of January

Ten zero-waste cities: How Seoul came to be among the best in recycling (DTE) Seoul, the capital of South Korea, has over 10 million people generating 9,189 tonnes of municipal solid waste per day. Nevertheless, it has one of the most rigorous waste recycling programmes in the world.


GS3: Defence and security

Decisive shift (TH) The Chief of Defence Staff could finally bring about unison among the armed forces


GS3: Economy

Financial system stable despite slow growth (TH)

The country’s GDP slowed to a six-year low of 4.5% in the second quarter of FY20, forcing the RBI to slash its growth forecast.

Gross NPAs may rise to 9.9% by next Sept., says RBI report (TH) A Reserve Bank of India (RBI) report released on Friday showed that the worst may not be over for banks on the bad loan front as gross non-performing asset (GNPA) ratio of banks may increase to 9.9 per cent by September 2020 from 9.3 per cent in September 2019. The GNPA ratio of banks stood at 9.3 per cent in March 2019, the RBI said in its Financial Stability Report (FSR).