- Explained: Why scientists want to map the ocean floor(IE) knowledge of bathymetry — the measurement of the shape and depth of the ocean floor — is instrumental in understanding several natural phenomena, including ocean circulation, tides, and biological hotspots. It also provides key inputs for navigation, forecasting tsunamis, exploration for oil and gas projects, building offshore wind turbines, fishing resources, and for laying cables and pipelines.
- Cabinet approves Extension of tenure of the Commission constituted under Article 340 of the constitution to examine the issue of sub-categorization within Other Backward Classes in the Central List(PIB) The Communities in the existing list of OBCs which have not been able to get any major benefit of the scheme of reservation for OBCs for appointment in Central Government posts and for admission in Central Government Educational Institutions are expected to be benefitted upon implementation of the recommendations of the Commission. The Commission is likely to make recommendations for benefit of such marginalized communities in the Central List of OBCs.
- Education gap widened: UNESCO(TH) “Even as governments increasingly rely on technology, the digital divide lays bare the limitations of this approach. Not all students and teachers have access to adequate internet connection, equipment, skills and working conditions to take advantage of available platforms,
GS2: International Relations
- Bad to worse(TH) n another round of tit-for-tat manoeuvres, India, followed by Pakistan, has decided to halve the strength of diplomatic missions in each other’s capital.
- Pakistan to remain on FATF ‘greylist’(TH) Wednesday’s development came on a day when Pakistan expressed its disappointment over the US blocking a proposal to designate an Indian national in Afghanistan as a global terrorist.
- RBI will supervise coop. Banks RBI’s powers on scheduled banks would be hence applicable on cooperative banks as well. “The decision to bring 1,540 cooperative banks under RBI's supervision will give an assurance to more than 8.6 crore depositors in these banks that their money amounting to Rs 4.84 lakh crore will stay safe,
- Explained: Why diesel has become more expensive than petrol in Delhi(IE) While other states have also hiked levies on both petrol and diesel, most states have maintained lower tax rates on diesel than on petrol leading to the price of diesel remaining below the price of petrol despite a greater hike in the price of diesel than the price of petrol over the past 18 days.
- Why does govt want ‘country of origin’ flagged on procurement portal? How will you be impacted?(IE) This would help them choose products that meet the ‘minimum 50 per cent local content’ criterion when selecting bidders for their tenders —procurement norms amended by the government earlier this month categorise suppliers based on the level of local content in their goods.
- Annus horribilis 2020: IMF’s grim forecasts(Mint) The broad idea of these was to support aggregate demand. Yet, the fog hanging over the future means that all GDP numbers could be up for further revision. As the IMF report’s caveats have it, there is a higher-than-usual degree of uncertainty around these forecasts.
- Historic decisions taken by Cabinet to boost infrastructure across sectors(PIB) Government had earlier approved the Dairy Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF) worth Rs. 10,000 crores for incentivizing investment by cooperative sector for development of dairy infrastructure.
- MSDE-IBM Partnership Unveils Free Digital Learning Platform “Skills Build Reignite” to Reach More Job Seekers & Provide New Resources to Business Owners in India (PIB)" Directorate General of Training (DGT), under the aegis of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE), is responsible for implementing long term institutional training to the nation’s youth through its network of training institutes and infrastructure. It plays a key role in the execution of vocational training schemes and in making ‘Digital India’ dream become a reality.
- 2% Interest Subvention approved on prompt repayment of Shishu Loans under Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana for a period of 12 months This Scheme is for implementation of one of the measures relating to MSMEs, announced under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. Under PMMY, loans for income generating activities up to Rs. 50,000 are termed as Shishu loans. PMMY loans are extended by Member Lending Institutions viz. Scheduled Commercial Banks, Non Banking Finance Companies and Micro Financial Institutions, registered with Mudra Ltd.
- Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) launches another funding scheme to help the distressed MSME sector(PIB) It was being felt that the biggest challenge for stressed MSMEs was in getting capital either in the form of debt or equity. Therefore, as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat package, on 13th May, 2020, Finance Minister had announced this scheme of sub-ordinate Debt to the promoters of operational but stressed MSMEs.
GS3: Internal Security
- Watch out for the China hand in cyberattacks(Mint) Cyfirma has informed CERT-In (Computer Emergency Response Team), India’s nodal agency for cyberattacks, and some of the firms whose names were on the list.
GS3: Science & Technology
- Health ministry reports 14% growth in tuberculosis burden in 2019(Mint) Under the public-private partnership model, Patient Providers Support Agency (PPSA) programmes were introduced across 173 districts in India, which ensured free drugs and diagnostics for patients in the private sector.
- Dr Harsh Vardhan releases Annual TB Report 2020(PIB) Around 24.04 Lakh TB patients have been notified in 2019. This amounts to a 14% increase in TB notification as compared to the year 2018.Achieving near-complete on-line notification of TB patients through the NIKSHAY system.
- With space reforms, private sector to get level playing field(TH); Historic reforms initiated in the Space sector(PIB) The newly created Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) will provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure. The Public Sector Enterprise ‘New Space India Limited (NSIL)’ will endeavour to re-orient space activities from a ‘supply driven’ model to a ‘demand driven’ model, thereby ensuring optimum utilization of our space assets.
- New biomolecules to fight drug resistance in Kala- azar--By Sunderarajan Padmanabhan (PIB) Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease affecting almost 100 countries including India. It is caused by a parasite called Leishmania, which is transmitted through the bite of sand flies.Visceral leishmaniasis, which is commonly known as Kala-azar in India, is fatal in over 95% of the cases, if left untreated.