daily-news-prescription-24-september-2020

GS2: Polity

  • Labour Bills passed amid boycott(TH) The IR Code will allow companies with under 300 workers to decide on termination and other service conditions of employees without prior approval, as opposed to companies with less than 100 employees as of now.
  • Eight Bills passed on last day of Rajya Sabha(TH) During the day, the House passed the following legislation in a matter of less than four hours- The Foreign Contribution Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Bill, 2020, The Bilateral Netting of Qualified Financial Contracts Bill, 2020, The Occupational Safety Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020, the Industrial Relations Code, 2020, The Code on Social Security, 2020 , The Appropriation (No.3) Bill, 2020, and the Appropriation (No.4) Bill, 2020.

GS2: Governance

  • A light touch(TH)  the Minister of State for Electronics and IT Sanjay Dhotre said in a written reply to the Lok Sabha that his ministry is working to amend the Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules, 2011, to make intermediaries more responsive and accountable.
  • 40% toilets in govt. schools non­existent, unused: CAG(TH) The Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan was launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in September 2014 to meet the Right to Education Act’s mandate that all schools must have separate toilets for boys and girls.

GS2: International Relations

  • G4 seeks time-bound reform of Security Council(TH) The Ministers reaffirmed their common resolve to “finally take decisive steps towards the early and comprehensive reform of the Security Council that was envisaged by Heads of State and Government in the 2005 World Summit,” as per a joint press statement released by MEA.
  • Friends And Neighbours(IE) Ramped up engagement with Maldives, US-Maldives defence pact, point to a reset of equations. Delhi needs to build on it.

GS3: Economy

  • ‘Centre retained ₹.1 lakh cr. of cess receipts’(TH) The Centre retained in the Consolidated Fund of India (CFI) more than ₹1.1 lakh crore out of the almost ₹2.75 lakh crore collected in 2018-19 through various cesses, instead of transferring the receipts to the specified Reserve Funds that Parliament had approved for such levies, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India observed in a report.
  • Importing A Failed Experiment(IE) The SSE would create more intermediaries and benefit larger organisations with English-speaking professionals skilled in the language of markets at the cost of smaller grass roots groups, who are the real frontline actors in addressing the challenges we face as a society and country

GS3: Agriculture

  • Redefining Essential Items(IE) An amendment to Essential Commodities Act, 1955 deregulates key foodstuffs except under extraordinary circumstances. Why was the need felt, and why have farmers and the Opposition raised concerns over it?

GS3: Science and Tech

PIB Corner

  • Measures to Modernise Jute Mills To modernise the jute mills, the Government is already implementing the Incentive Scheme for Acquisition of Plant & Machinery (ISAPM). Under the scheme, efforts are being made to increase the productivity of the jute mills by providing capital subsidy to replace the old machines with new and technologically advanced machines. During 2014-15 to 2018-19, capital subsidy amounting to Rs. 49.71 crores has been released to modernise jute mills and JDP units.
  • Digitisation of Anganwadi Centres (AWCS) In addition, the digitization of physical registers has been taken up with roll-out of ICDS-CAS Software Application under POSHAN Abhiyaan Mission of Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Central Pollution Control Board celebrates its 46th Foundation DayThe CBCB was established on September 23, 1974 under The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 as a technical arm of Central Government for environmental research, monitoring, regulation and enforcement in the country.