- Police reform and the crucial judicial actor(TH) The top court’s interventions in the 1990s through cases such as Joginder Kumar v. State of UP [AIR 1994 SC 1349] and D.K. Basu v. State of West Bengal [(1997) 1 SCC 416], issued guidelines passed to try and secure two rights in the context of any state action — a right to life and a right to know.
- How not to tame the digital dragon(TH) The imperative for disclosure becomes clearer on a joint reading of the Shreya Singhal (at Para 109) and Anuradha Bhasin (at Para 152(a)) judgments. The first concerned the constitutionality of Section 66A under which the Supreme Court, while upholding the blocking powers of the government, reasoned that the writ remedies would always be available to an aggrieved person. Hence, to approach a High Court in a writ, the petitioner would require the availability of the legal order.
- Centre designates 9 individuals as terrorists(TH) The Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA), enacted in 1967, was first amended in 2004, 2008 and 2013. The 2004 amendment was to ban organisations for terrorist activities, under which 34 outfits, including the Lashkar-e-Taiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammad were banned. The UAPA as amended in August last year gave the MHA the power to designate individuals as terrorists.
- Unlock the house(IE) Article 85(1) in the Constitution states: “The President shall from time to time summon each House of Parliament to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but six months shall not intervene between its last sitting in one Session and the date appointed for its first sitting in the next Session.”
- Reforming India’s digital policy(TH) Currently, there are three pending reform measures under consideration that are likely to affect India’s growth trajectory in digital services for years to come — the Personal Data Protection Bill (PDPB), the e-commerce policy, and the Information Technology Act Amendments.
GS2: International Relations
- Horsemen of Apocalypse(IE) A surge in cybercrime and cyber fraud is anticipated, if not there already. The logic being that cyberspace use has expanded without commensurate growth in security features.
GS3: Science & Technology
- ‘Accelerate Vigyan’ to strengthen scientific research mechanism(PIB) As for the ‘ABHYAAS’ programme, it is an attempt to boost research and development in the country by enabling and grooming potential PG/PhD students by means of developing their research skills in selected areas across different disciplines or fields. It has two components: High-End Workshops (‘KARYASHALA’) and Research Internships (‘VRITIKA’).
- Ministry reconstitutes Central Zoo Authority(TH) The authority lays down guidelines and prescribes rules under which animals may be transferred among zoos nationally and internationally.
- First Ever IEA-Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas collaborative Workshop in Natural Gas sector held(PIB) International Energy Agency (IEA) and Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas of India, today organized a joint webinar on “Building a Natural Gas‑Based Economy in India Amidst a Changing Global Gas Market Landscape”.