- Kodumanal dig throws light on megalithic burial rituals(TH) The Kodumanal excavation of 10 pots and bowls, instead of the usual three or four pots, placed outside three-chambered burial cists and inside the cairn-circle, threw light on burial rituals and the concept of afterlife in megalithic culture.
- Why Ladakh matters to India and China: history, geography, and strategy(IE) Historically and culturally, Ladakh was intrinsically linked to neighbouring Tibet. Language and religion linked Ladakh and Tibet; politically too, they shared a common history.
- Polls for 19 Rajya Sabha seats today(TH) A candidate needs 27 first preference votes to win a seat in Jharkhand. The JMM has 29 lawmakers and the BJP 26. All India Jharkhand Students Union party has two legislators and has been a BJP ally.
- Higher in upper house(IE) The Constitution specifies that only the elected MLAs of a state assembly can vote in a Rajya Sabha election. During the making of the Constitution, Constituent Assembly members, Mahboob Ali Baig and Mahavir Tyagi suggested that voting in these elections should take place using a single transferable vote. In this method, a voter, instead of voting for a single candidate, ranks all candidates according to his preference.
- ‘Decide on plea on Rule of Law Index in 6 months’(TH) The nation’s ranking in the Index “confirms poor performance in eight sectors, constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, public order and security, regulatory enforcement and civil and criminal justice”.
- Explained: Why are Punjab Congress leaders up against CBS notification?(IE) The board provides for the state to follow Centre’s guidelines on giving a fixed tenure of at least two years for cadre officers. They cannot be transferred before that and if anyone recommends their transfer then the board will examine and effect it. The final authority is the Chief Minister.
- PM Modi to launch Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan on 20th June to boost livelihood opportunities in Rural India(PIB) A total of 116 Districts with more than 25,000 returnee migrant workers across six States, namely Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha have been chosen for the campaign which includes 27 Aspirational Districts. These districts are estimated to cover about 2/3 of such migrant workers.
GS2: International Relations
- India coasts to win in Security Council polls(TH) Earlier in June, Mr. Jaishankar gave India’s overall objective during its forthcoming UNSC tenure as an acronym ‘NORMS’ — New Orientation for a Reformed Multilateral System, making it clear that U.N. reforms, including the push for expanding the UNSC permanent membership, would be high on agenda when it assumes the UNSC seat.
- What are non-permanent seats in the UN Security Council, and how are they filled?(IE)" The UNSC is composed of 15 members: five permanent members — China, France, Russian Federation, the United States, and the United Kingdom — and 10 non-permanent members who are elected by the General Assembly. The non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms — so every year, the General Assembly elects five non-permanent members out of the total 10.
GS3: Internal Security
- Explained: What happened to the Mountain Strike Corps?(IE) Under the new concept, 17 Corps is supposed to have three IBGs, each comprising around 4,000 soldiers under a Major General, directly under the operation control of the Corps headquarters.
- India has taken a major decision to fully open the coal and mining sectors for competition, capital, participation and technology: PM(PIB) PM said that reforms in the minerals sector have got strength from coal mining reforms since minerals like iron, bauxite and other minerals are located very close to the coal reserves. He said that the beginning of auction today for commercial coal mining is a win-win situation for all stakeholders Industries.
- Can India decouple itself from Chinese manufacturing?(TH) The Make in India strategy talked about FDI into manufacturing, but if you look at the data and see which sectors have been preferred by the foreign investors, you’ll see it’s all about service sectors. And many of these sectors are those where India does not need any investment, for instance IT services.
- Our economic interests must shape trade policy(Mint) China is not a market economy, but a state-dominated one. This must duly be taken into consideration, given its record of “dumping" products in other markets at super-low prices. Now that Beijing has given up trying to shake off its non-market tag at the World Trade Organization, it has become easier for us to invoke “unfair trade" while erecting defensive barriers against some Chinese exports.