GS2: Polity      

GS2: International Relations        

  • History, the stand-off, and policy worth rereading; Even as India grapples with its next steps at the LAC, it must not lose sight of renewing its compact with the ‘five fingers’
  • Disorder at the border; Meanwhile, reports that Chinese troops continue to be well entrenched in the Fingers area (Finger 4-8) or the ridges around Pangong Tso (lake) that India has always patrolled, and remain inside the LAC at Nakula Pass are worrying indicators of a hardening Chinese position.
  • Freezing cold, tough terrain added to death toll Earlier confidence-building measures precluded offensive overtures. Now it has been conveyed that no more defensive body language,” sources said. “We always followed them but they [the Chinese] swayed.”
  • With China, India will have to be atmanirbhar;One of the first choices the Modi government might exercise could be to jettison the RIC, BRICS and SCO formats that have failed as confidence-building measures between India and China in a multilateral format. India’s heart is not in these consultations in any case – they have continued as a hangover from the past.
  • Is China’s ‘peaceful development’ over?(TH) This sharp turn marks China’s most major policy decisions post-COVID-19. Relations with the U.S. are particularly bad, with the Trump administration now openly targeting China for its handling of the pandemic.
  • Multilateralism post COVID19(TH) The General Assembly now passes resolutions through no objection procedure. The Security Council has been found wanting in no small measure. The 75th session’s ‘leaders week’ runs the risk of being reduced to a video playback session.
  • China’s growing threat via debt trap diplomacy In a push to gain rapid political and economic ascendency across the globe, China is dispensing billions of dollars in the form of concessional loans to developing countries, mostly for their large-scale infrastructure projects.
  • India rejects market economy tag for China World Trade Organization (WTO) members are allowed to apply anti-dumping measures on any company if it exports a product at a lower price than its home market, and if the product threatens to impact the local industry.

GS3: Economy        

  • PM CARES: Court seeks govt. Reply(TH) The latest National Plan uploaded on the website of the National Disaster Management Authority is of the year 2019. It does not comprehensively deal with the situation arising out of the current pandemic and has no measures like lockdown, containment zones, social distancing, etc,” the petition said.

GS3: Environment        

  • Assessment of OIL well blowout impact begins(TH) Bioremediation is the cleaning of polluted sites through naturally occurring or introduced microorganisms for breaking down environmental pollutants.
  • World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas. It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. Desertification does not refer to the expansion of existing deserts. It occurs because dryland ecosystems, which cover over one third of the world's land area, are extremely vulnerable to overexploitation and inappropriate land use. Poverty, political instability, deforestation, overgrazing and bad irrigation practices can all undermine the productivity of the land.

 GS3: Science and Technology    

  • Quantum 'fifth state of matter' observed in space for first time The report mentions that scientists have always hoped to use the Bose-Einstein condensates to gain insight into quantum mechanics, but gravity has always been a deterring factor. This led researchers to send equipment known as the Cold Atom Lab to the International Space Station.