daily-news-prescription-17-july-2020

GS1: World History        

  • Explained: How the US’ Trinity Test led to the dawn of the atomic age(IE) The super bomb, nicknamed ‘Gadget’, was built by a team of scientists at a top-secret site in Los Alamos, New Mexico. It was developed as part of the US-led Manhattan Project, which sought to build nuclear weapons to give the allied forces an edge over Germany, Japan and Italy in World War 2.

GS1: Social Issues        

  • India registers a steep decline in maternal mortality ratio(TH) The Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India has declined to 113 in 2016-18 from 122 in 2015-17 and 130 in 2014-2016, according to the special bulletin on Maternal Mortality in India 2016-18, released by the Office of the Registrar General’s Sample Registration System (SRS).

GS2: Polity        

  • Disabled are entitled to same benefits of SC/ST quota: Supreme Court In Anamol Bhandari, the High Court has correctly held that people suffering from disabilities are also socially backward, and are therefore, at the very least, entitled to the same benefits as given to the Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe candidates.
  • For equal treatment (TH) Educational indicators captured in the 2001 Census showed that illiteracy among the disabled was much higher than the general population figure. The share of disabled children out of school was quite higher than other major social categories. The 2001 Census put the illiteracy rate among the disabled at 51%.
  • SC to examine Kerala Act on animal, bird sacrifices(TH) Chief Justice of India (CJI) Sharad A. Bobde, heading a three-judge Bench, highlighted the “dichotomy” in animal protection law that allows killing of animals for food but does not permit “killing of animals for offer to a deity and then consumption”.
  • Rebel Rajasthan MLAs move HC against Speaker’s notices Accordingly, the writ petition was amended and filed again to challenge the Speaker’s notices as well as the validity of the Rajasthan Assembly Members (Disqualification on the Grounds of Changing Party) Rules, 1989, and Clause 2(1)(a) of the Tenth Schedule of the Constitution, dealing with disqualification on the ground of defection.
  • ‘Judicial review can’t be done prior to Speaker’s decision’(TH)" A 28-year-old judgment of the Supreme Court in the Kihoto Hollohan versus Zachillu and Others has said that “judicial review cannot be available at a stage prior to the making of a decision by the Speaker/Chairman and a quia timet action would not be permissible. Nor would interference be permissible at an interlocutory stage of the proceedings.”

GS2: Governance        

  • The lost voice of the Indian university(TH) The constitution of the National Knowledge Commission and a very strong emphasis on privatisation of education undermined the deliberative and independent character of these institutions of higher education

GS3: Economy      

  •  Up to 20% jobs may be cut: Ficci(Mint) “Labour-intensive manufacturing sectors depend on a large workforce on the shop- floor for operations. But social distancing norms will require different approach to resume activities.

PIB