GS1: Modern History
- Explained: How India got its national flag(IE) the need to have a National Flag – with red representing Hindus and green representing the Muslims of India, with a charkha or a spinning wheel in the centre – was first written about by Mahatma Gandhi, in his journal Young India in April 1921.
- Arunachal groups push for 6th Schedule status(TH) The Frontier State bordering Bhutan, China and Myanmar is under the Fifth Schedule that “does not provide special rights for the indigenous communities” unlike the Sixth Schedule. The Sixth Schedule currently includes 10 autonomous district councils in four northeastern States — Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura.
- ‘Consider more languages in govt.’(TH) the Constitution did not provide for official communications to be sent out in 22 vernacular languages. The Union could use English and Hindi for official purposes. These two languages were used for communication between States and between the Centre and the States.
- Explained: Why Shah Faesal can return to IAS despite being in politics from Jan 2019 until now(IE) An officer serving in cadre (state) should submit his/her resignation to the chief secretary of the state. An officer who is on central deputation is required to submit his/her resignation to the secretary of the concerned Ministry or Department. The Ministry/Department then sends the officer’s resignation to the concerned state cadre, with its comments/recommendations.
GS2: International Relations
- Historic ratification Convention 182, which was adopted in the 1999 annual international labour conference, prohibits the sexual exploitation of children, trafficking, deployment in armed conflict and other conditions that compromise their overall well-being. The Convention complements the ILO’s efforts under the 1973 Minimum Age Convention to prevent the employment of children below a lower age threshold.
- Independent but not alone(TH) On land, at sea and in the air, Indians formed the largest all-volunteer force in the world, with over 2.5 million fighting in Europe, North Africa, Singapore, Hong Kong and, Burma. What is more, India provided almost 200 million tonnes of coal, six million tonnes of iron ore and more than one million tonnes of steel to the Pacific war effort, and countless Indian non-combatants secured supply lines.
- India announces $500 mn package for the Maldives(TH) The project, which will consist of a number of bridges and causeways to connect Male to Villingili, Thilafushi and Gulhifahu islands that span 6.7 km, taking much of the pressure of the main capital island of Male for commercial and residential purposes
GS3: Science & Technology
- Explained: Why onions are a new cause of concern in the US and Canada(IE) The salmonella bacteria resides in animals. When it enters a human body it causes salmonellosis, an infection that attacks the intestine, and can cause diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, bleeding in stool and nausea. Salmonella can transmit to humans through contaminated water or food.
- The Centre still has room to fight on taxation front(Mint) The decline in the share of indirect taxes (customs, services tax, excise, GST) came as a result of governments lowering taxes to attract investments, and to comply with trade commitments to the World Trade Organization.
- India ranks first in number of organic farmers and ninth in terms of area under organic farming; Major organic exports from India are flax seeds, sesame, soybean, tea, medicinal plants, rice and pulses(PIB)" India ranks first in number of organic farmers and ninth in terms of area under organic farming. Sikkim became the first State in the world to become fully organic and other States including Tripura and Uttarakhand have set similar targets. North East India has traditionally been organic and the consumption of chemicals is far less than rest of the country.
- "Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh Launches Naval Innovation and IndigenisationOrganisation (NIIO)(PIB)" The Draft Defence Acquisition Policy 2020 (DAP 20) rolled out by the Defence Ministry last month envisaged establishment of Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation by the Service Headquarters.
Indian Coast Guard Offshore Patrol Vessel ‘Sarthak’ launched(PIB) True to its motto “Vayam Rakshamah” meaning “We Protect”, Indian Coast Guard has to its credit of saving about 9730 lives at sea. Collaboration with friendly littoral states as per provisions of bilateral cooperation agreements resulted in successful apprehension and seizure of drugs in Indian Ocean Region (IOR).