- Dr. Harsh Vardhan emphasises Family Planning as a human rights issue on World Population Day; lauds its inclusion an essential Non-COVID Service(PIB) - Theme “In the last decade alone, our Crude Birth Rate (CBR) has reduced from 21.8 (SRS 2011) to 20 (SRS 2018) while the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has declined from 2.4 (SRS 2011) to 2.2 (SRS 2018). And the teenage fertility has halved from 16 (NFHS III) to 7.9 (NFHS IV)
- Understanding forest fires and their effect on carbon emissions(TH) They note that the occurrence of high fire intensity at the low altitude Himalayan hilly regions may be due to the plant species (pine trees) in the area and proximity to villages. Villages make them more susceptible to anthropogenic activities like forest cover clearance, grazing and so on.
- Explained: Is EC empowered to delay Bihar elections due to Covid-19?(IE) Under Section 153 of the Representation of the People Act, the poll panel can “extend the time” for completing an election, but such extension should not go beyond the date of the normal dissolution of the Lok Sabha or the Assembly. In 1991, the Commission, under this provision read with Article 324 of the Constitution, postponed the ongoing parliamentary elections for three weeks after Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination during his campaign in Tamil Nadu.
- Commission and omission(IE) Law reform is ordinarily within the mandate of the Union Ministry of Law and historically, various law commissions have been set up to recommend law reforms. Apart from government servants, the commission consists of area experts, lawyers and is given a specific mandate, such as removal of obsolete laws or identification of law that obstructs economic progress.
GS2: International Relations
- Should Kuwait’s draft expat bill worry India?(TH) The Kuwait National Assembly (NA) is discussing several proposals to reduce the share of foreigners in the country’s population, which is now pegged at 70%.
- Das warns of higher NPAs, bank capital erosion(TH) Mutual funds have emerged as major investors in market instruments issued by NBFCs, which is why the development of an adverse feedback loop and the associated systemic risk warrants timely and targeted policy interventions.
- A plan for us to create a globally competitive industrial sector(Mint) India has about 13,400 Industrial Training Institutes (ITI), 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs). Associate IITs and NITs with nearby ITIs. Most of our IIT and NIT students are brilliant at theory and novel ideas, but few can build a physical machine.
GS3: Internal Security
- IAF on a buying spree(TH) . The IAF currently has 30 fighter squadrons against a sanctioned strength of 42 squadrons and is set to phase out its MiG-21 fighters in the next few years further reducing the strength. As seen during the Balakot air strikes (Pakistan) in February 2019, air power will be key to swiftly respond to any short escalations and especially relevant amid the ongoing stand-off with China on the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
- NATGRID to get info of suspects from FIRs(TH) Initiated at a budget of ₹2,800 crore, it will be a medium for at least 10 Central agencies such as the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) to access data on a secured platform. The data will be procured by NATGRID from 21 providing organisations such as the telecom, tax records, bank, immigration etc.
- India’s tiger census of 2018 sets a Guinness world record Camera traps (outdoor photographic devices fitted with motion sensors that start recording when an animal passes by) were placed in 26,838 locations across 141 different sites and surveyed an effective area of 1,21,337 sq.km.”
GS3: Science & Technology
- Explained: What is Comet C/2020 F3 Neowise, one of the brightest comets in decades passing Earth? (IE) Comets do not have light of their own and what humans are able to see from Earth is the reflection of the sun’s light off the comet as well as the energy released by the gas molecules after it is absorbed from the sun.
"NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission launches ATL App Development Module for school students nationwide(PIB)" Till date, more than 5100 ATLs are established in more than 660 districts across the country by Atal Innovation Mission with more than 2 million students having access to the Tinkering Labs. The vision is to foster creativity and innovation nationwide through its various integrated initiatives including incubators, Startups, community innovation Centers and Atal New India challenges for product and service innovations enabling socio economic growth of the country .