daily-news-prescription-11-august-2020

GS1: Geography 

  • Fact Check: A look at how the Munnar landslide happened(IE) An analysis of landslides in Idukki by the State Disaster Management Authority has shown that high-intensity rainfall saturates the soil on the slopes. Soil with higher clay content has high water retention capacity and low drainage capacity, leading to high water pressure in the slope material.

GS2: Governance 

GS2: International Relations 

  • The WHO’s relevance is fading(TH) While voluntary contributions accounted for nearly 80% of the budget in 2018-19, assessed contributions merely constituted 17% of the total budgetary support. The challenges owing to constrained finances encumber autonomy in decision-making by favouring a donor-driven agenda.

GS3: Science & Technology  

  • Explained: What are Sunspots, and why they occasionally spark worry(IE) A Sunspot is an area on the Sun that appears dark on the surface and is relatively cooler than surrounding parts. These spots, some as large as 50,000 km in diameter, are the visible markers of the Sun’s magnetic field, which forms a blanket that protects the solar system from harmful cosmic radiation.

GS3: Internal Security      

  •  A BRIEF HISTORY OF INDIA’S BORDERS The biggest reorganization of India’s internal boundaries occurred in 1956 when an official States Reorganization Act was implemented. But even after that, there were nine changes in state boundaries.

GS3: Economy       

  • "Finance Minister launches an Online Dashboard for the National Infrastructure Pipeline(PIB)" NIP is a first-of-its-kind initiative to provide world-class infrastructure across the country and improve the quality of life for all citizens. NIP will improve project preparation, attract investments (both domestic & foreign) into infrastructure, and will be crucial for attaining the target of becoming a $5 trillion economy by FY 2025. NIP covers both economic and social infrastructure projects- based on the updated Harmonized Master List of Infrastructure.
  • Import bans can’t be a throwback to the licence raj(Mint) They key difference between the import bans that have now been imposed and the licences and quotas that existed before 1991 is that there are only a few items under the negative list that require permission or licences from the government.
  • Breaking down GST: slabs, payments, dispute(IE) For a wholesale (B2B) transaction, the GST allows the seller to claim input tax credit (ITC) by setting off the tax liability against the tax already paid. For example, a manufacturer in Andhra Pradesh sells spoons and forks to a shop in Andhra Pradesh (intra-state transaction).

GS3: Environment       

  • Webinar on the occasion of the World Biofuel day organized(PIB) World Biofuel Day is observed every year on 10th August to create awareness about the importance of non-fossil fuels as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels and to highlight the various efforts made by the Government in the Biofuel sector. World Biofuel Day is being celebrated by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas since 2015.

PIB Corner    

  • "Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launches submarine cable connectivity to Andaman & Nicobar Islands (CANI)(PIB)" PM said that the Government's focus is also on promoting Ease of Business in the sea and simplifying Maritime Logistics. He referred to the speedy construction of the deep draft inner harbor and the proposal to construct Trans-Shipment Port in Great Nicobar at an estimated cost of about Rs 10 thousand crores. Shri Modi said this would enable big ships to anchor and would increase India’s share in maritime trade, along with new employment opportunities.