- About Three Reforms(IE) The recent reform is substantial but must be followed by civil service, banking, compliance, decentralisation, and urban reform. Over the next decade, they will combine to raise manufacturing employment from 11 per cent to 18 per cent of workers, reduce farmers from 45 per cent to 15 per cent of workers, raise women’s labour force participation from 25 per cent to 50 per cent, and raise India’s per capita income from $2,500 to $10,000.
- Govt: Good Samaritans can’t be forced to reveal identity,be witness(IE)As per the new rules, the Good Samaritan will have the right to be treated respectfully without discrimination on grounds of religion, nationality, caste or sex. They will not be forced to disclose their name, address and identity if they do not want to. Hospitals will have to put up boards to display these rights.
GS2: Social issues
- Ideal weight of Indian men, women redeﬁned(TH)This is based on the latest nationally representative data sourced from the National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4, 2015-16), National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB, 2015-16), the World Health Organisation (WHO, 2006-07) and the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP 2015) to “derive acceptable reference body weight values through the lifespan”.
- Crimes against Scheduled Tribes saw 26% rise in 2019: NCRB report(TH) Crime against Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) saw an increase of over 7% and 26% respectively in year 2019 compared to 2018, according to the annual Crime in India 2019 report published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Wednesday.
- Current account surplus widens to $19.8 billion in Q1(TH) The surplus in the current account in the first quarter of 2020-21 was on account of a sharp contraction in trade deficit to $10 billion due to a steeper decline in merchandise imports relative to exports on a year-on-year basis, RBI said on Wednesday.
- Centre to borrow`4.34L cr in 2nd half of fiscal:62% more than H2FY20The government will borrow in 16 tranches of Rs 27,000-28,000 crore each in H2. The average tenure of the bonds will remain unchanged at 14.78 years during the second half. It will borrow Rs 24,000 crore through securities having a tenure of two years and the maximum amount of borrowing (Rs 96,000 crore) will be through 10-year bonds.
- EPCA opposes paying farmers for not burning paddy stubble(IE) This year Punjab, so far the largest stubble burning State, has provided nearly 51,000 stubble management machines — close to 17,500 to individual farmers at a subsidy of 50%, and over 33,000 to Custom Hiring Centres at a subsidy of 80%.
GS3: Science and Technology
- BrahMos missile with indigenous booster successfully test-fired(IE) The BrahMos Land-Attack Cruise Missile (LACM) was cruising at a top speed of Mach 2.8. The missile weighs around 2.5 tonnes and has a strike range of approximately 300 km.
- What Are Defence Offsets?(IE) In simplest terms, the offset is an obligation by an international player to boost India’s domestic defence industry if India is buying defence equipment from it. Since defence contracts are costly, the government wants part of that money either to benefit the Indian industry, or to allow the country to gain in terms of technology.
- Closing ceremony of the 3rd Rashtriya Poshan Maah held The closing ceremony of the 3rd Rashtriya Poshan Maah which was celebrated from 7th - 30th September this year was held today through virtual mode. Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, being the nodal Ministry for POSHAN Abhiyaan, coordinated the celebration of the Poshan Maah.