GS1: Social Issues
- 46 million girls went missing in India(TH) In many countries this results in a “marriage squeeze” as prospective grooms far outnumber prospective brides, which further results in human trafficking for marriage as well as child marriages.
- Guarding the guardians(IE) The first 11 commandments in 1996, therefore, focused on vital processual safeguards: All officials must carry name tags and full identification, arrest memo must be prepared, containing all details regarding time and place of arrest, attested by one family member or respectable member of the locality.
- Implementation of Amendments in the Indian Stamp Act, 1899 and Rules madefrom 1st July, 2020 for Rationalized Collection Mechanism of Stamp Duty across India with respect to Securities Market Instruments(PIB) The present system of collection of stamp duty on securities market transactions led to multiple rates for the same instrument, resulting in jurisdictional disputes and multiple incidences of duty, thereby raising the transaction costs in the securities market and hurting capital formation.
- Free foodgrain scheme till Nov.(TH) Additional outlay of ₹90,000 cr under PMGKAY to benefit 80 cr people.
GS2: International Relations
- Reviving SAARC to deal with China(TH) One way to infuse life in SAARC is to revive the process of South Asian economic integration. South Asia is one of the least integrated regions in the world with intra-regional trade teetering at barely 5% of total South Asian trade, compared to 25% of intra-regional trade in the ASEAN region.
- The WTO should be revived for the sake of well-regulated trade(Mint) The rules-based multilateral trading system that began with GATT has contributed immensely to global economic growth over the last seven decades, by reducing average tariffs and steadily eliminating non-tariff barriers.
- Utilise MGNREGA to the fullest capacity(TH) MGNREGA should not be diluted in the name of the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan. The potential for MGNREGA to provide relief to the suffering of rural India should be utilised to its fullest capacity.
- An unreliable emergency fund(IE) Sufficiency of forex reserves is sometimes measured on how many months’ worth of imports a country can afford. While six months is considered sufficient, the RBI in December 2019 said it had enough to sustain for 10 months (the forex reserves were then $0.4 trillion). Today, the cover is 12 months
- Making trade more digitised(TH) Globally, digitisation of procedures and lower human intervention are the two major pillars that drive trade across borders.
GS3: Science & Technology
- RRI comes up with simulation toolkit to ensure safety in secure quantum communication platforms(PIB) The secure part of any information transfer protocol is in the distribution of the key used to encrypt and decrypt the messages. Such standard key distribution schemes, usually based on mathematical resolution of problems, are vulnerable to algorithmic breakthroughs and possibility to run new codes on the up and coming quantum computers.
- Explained: What is Covaxin, However, it is still far behind in the global race for a Covid-19 vaccine. AstraZeneca, whose vaccine candidate “ChAdOx1-S” with the University of Oxford is already at phase III trials, is the frontrunner.
- Clean Energy Can Support India’s Economic Recovery post-Covid-19(PIB) The report states that India’s transport sector can save 1.7 gigatonnes of cumulative carbon dioxide emissions and avoid about 600 million tonnes of oil equivalent in fuel demand by 2030 through shared, electric, and connected passenger mobility and cost-effective, clean, and optimized freight transport.