Q) There cannot be a blanket ban on receiving of foreign funds under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010. A regulatory mechanism to keep a watch on the financial activities of NGOs is the need of the hour. Discuss. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • Licenses of six NGOs have been suspended under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) by the Union Home Ministry this year. Thus the question.

Introduction: Briefly write about Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 and recent cases of bans on some NGOs.


  • Significance of NGOs
  • Concerns associated with the FCRA
  • SC’s Judgement
  • Need for a regulatory body

Conclusion: Summarize the above points. Also provide a way forward- A National Accreditation Council for ensuring compliances from NGOs.


Q.2) There should be a revision in the Indian forest policy to boost domestic production of timber. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Why this question? 

  • A research paper has called for the conservation policy to focus on maintaining ecological balance and improving biodiversity through protected area management. 

Introduction: Mention in brief about the timber production in India. 


  • Significance of Timber 
    • Helps rural economy: Increasing timber production from TOFs can revive the rural economy.
    • Environmental benefits: Increasing wood production will also push carbon sequestration, and help in mitigating effects of climate change. 
    • The National Forest Policy 1988, the National Forest Commission 2006 and the recent National Agroforestry Policy 2014 have also recognized the potential of TOFs for timber production in India.
  • Concerns with government’s forest policies: Cumbersome TOF regulations for felling and transit of trees and lack of proper market linkages for farm-grown timber were major deterrents towards adoption of tree growing by farmers.

Conclusion: Summarize and suggest a way forward for draft national forest policy.