Q.1) Unlike previous Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policies, the 5th national STI policy follows core principles of being decentralised, evidence based, bottom-up, experts-driven, and inclusive. Discuss (15 Marks - 250 Words)
Why this question? - The recently released draft Science, Technology and Innovation Policy contains radical and progressive proposals that could be a game-changer for not only the scientific research community, but also for the ordinary Indians.
Intro - A brief about importance of science and innovation especially during pandemic
- Need for a new STI policy - Problems with the old policies
- Salient features of 5th STIP
Way ahead - How to overcome these challenges
Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.
Q.2) The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Basavanna. Discuss. (10 marks: 150 words)
Why this question? - Recently, Karnataka Chief Minister laid the foundation stone for the ‘New Anubhava Mantapa’ in Basavakalyan, the place where 12th century poet-philosopher Basaveshwara lived for most of his life.
Intro: Born in 1131 AD, Basavannawas a 12th-century philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet and a social reformer during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka, India.
Body: Social reformer, Vachanas, Sharana movement, Anubhava Mantapa, inspired Virashaiva, Kalyan Rajya, Foundation of Democracy.
Conclusion: Because of all his contributions the present day welfare state has been evolved in India.
Q.3) Critically analyse the issues associated with the laws enacted by few States that criminalise religious conversion via marriage and mandate prior official clearance before marrying into another faith.
Why this question?
- The Supreme Court agreed to examine the constitutional validity of a spate of laws enacted by States such as Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand that criminalise religious conversion via marriage and mandate prior official clearance before marrying into another faith.
Introduction: Briefly define the background and context of the question-alleged love jihad.
- About the laws
- No legal basis for love jihad
- Legislative intervention in marriages involving consenting adults
- Adult’s right to love and marry
- K.S. Puttaswamy case
Conclusion: Conclude with a balanced opinion