Q.1) Compare and contrast the process of election of the President of the United States of America (USA) with that of India. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - As the US election verdict remains inconclusive with key swing states still individually counting votes, there is the need to look at how the world’s oldest democracy counts their votes.

Intro - Form of govt in US and India.

Body - 

  1. Procedure of electing US president
  2. Procedure of electing Indian president
  3. Differences and similarities between both

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion


Q.2) Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes ((Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 is one of the most important legislations to promote Social Justice. Comment. (10 Marks - 150 Words)

Why this question?: The Supreme Court of India, in a recent judgment said that all insults or intimidations to persons belonging to Dalit or tribal communities will not be an offence under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.


Define social justice in brief. 


Connect SC and ST Atrocities act framing with Preamble (Justice - Social, Economic and Political) and A-17 (Abolition of Untouchability) .

Mention some key provisions (Especially ones which gives higher protection and augment social justice):

  • Cognizable offence
  • No anticipatory bail
  • No preliminary enquiry before registering FIR
  • Offender can’t be a SC/ST
  • Burden of proof on accused
  • Provision of special courts


Got more strengthened with 2016 Amendment ( More offences added) and 2018 amendment (which reversed  Subhash Kashinath vs State of Maharashtra 2018 Judgement) , however its misuse by some should be curtailed so as to maintain the sanctity of act. 


Q.3) Discuss the broad principles that should guide India’s quest for national security in the future. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • The Defence Minister gave a statement on national security during the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the National Defence College (NDC). 

Introduction: Mention in brief, the significance of national security.


  • Challenges for national security
  • Broad principles of national security:
    • The ability to secure India’s territorial integrity and sovereignty from external threats and internal challenges. 
    • The ability to create secure and stable conditions that can facilitate India’s economic growth
    • The desire to protect its interests beyond the borders in areas where our people reside and our security interests converge. 
    • In a globalised and interconnected world, a country’s security interests are interlinked by shared and secure commons.
    • Tackling internal security challenges
    • Economic security
    • Self sufficiency in defence manufacturing 

Conclusion: Summarize the above points


Q.4) CAPF personnel give a semblance of existence of government administration even in the remotest corners of the country. Comment (250 words)

Why this question?

The multifarious experience of security forces has helped greatly in combating COVID-19


Mention role of CAPF in combating COVID-19


  • Mention in brief about CAPF
  • Mention their expertise in various fields
  • Mention their presence in remotest corners
  • Role played by them in Disaster Management and Internal Security


Summarize the above discussion