Q.1) India’s new drone policy has stirred excitement about the opportunities it could open up. Comment. (15 marks - 250 words)
Why this question? - The govt has come up with the National Drone Policy, 2018.
Intro - Basic objective of the policy.
Body - Salient features of the policy - classification of drones, UIN etc.
Opportunities opened - In disaster management, surveillance, monitoring, making public announcements etc.
Concerns - Allowed in VLOS, make it difficult to station in remote areas during disasters, delivery of items not allowed etc.
Wayforward: Drone Policy 2.0 t0o address these concerns.
Q.2) Define standing committees and discuss their role in brief.
Why this question:
Recently, the Opposition party asked the government to convene an online parliamentary panel amid pandemic.
Intro: discuss their importance and need in the parliamentary system of government.
Mention the role of standing committees and important functions along with the types of standing committees.
Also, mention some important issues with these committees.
Suggest some ways to improve the functioning of standing committees
Q.3)Despite large tracts of commercial viable land being available with government departments and companies,little progress has been made to monetise these surplus land assets.Discuss how setting up of proposed National Land Management Corporation will remove these hurdles.(250 words)
Why this question?
A government panel on boosting infrastructure investment has recently recommended setting up a National Land Management Corporation, which would help in monetising state-owned surplus land assets.
To spur economic growth and achieve $5 trillion economy, India needs to spend about $1.4 trillion on the infrastructure sector during FY 2020-2025:The Economic Survey 2019-20
- Need of National Land Management Corporation
- Advantages of the proposed The National Land Management Corporation
- Mention the unique functions
- Capital generation of the corporation
- Composition of experts
Also need to focus on Strengthening of the municipal bond market, deepening of corporate bond markets, and setting up Development Financial Institutions for the infrastructure sector.
Q.4)The Indian judicial system is plagued with problems of delay and backlog. Explain how the creation of virtual courts would improve the efficiency of the judicial system.(250 words)
Why this question?
During the nationwide lockdown imposed to contain the spread of coronavirus, it has become clear that many activities can simply be done online.Technology can also be utilised for better functioning in the field of judiciary.(250 words)
As of August 2019, there are over 3.5 crore cases pending across the Supreme Court, the High Courts, and the subordinate courts.As a result of pendency, the number of under-trials in prison is more than double that of convicts.
- Mention in brief regarding hurdles in judiciary
- Underutilisation of existing infrastructure:
- High legal costs and complicated legal procedures
- Pendency of cases in various courts
- Introduce concept of virtual courts
- Mention advantages of Virtual courts over tradition courts
- Increasing efficiency
- Better utilisation of existing infrastructure
- Importance of virtual courts in the current pandemic
As the use of technology is stepped up, courts should consider other steps that will speed up the judicial process and reduce courtroom crowding.
Q.5) The Covid-19 crisis challenges the core principles of Market economy. Do you Agree with it ? Substantiate with examples.
Core Market principles : Capitalism, Consumer centric policies, Globalisation, Competition, Intellectual Property etc….
Also give a road ahead for the global economy post COVID-19.
Give examples of deglobalisation, corporate bailouts, etc...