Q.1) With many varieties of style, the basic nature of the Hindu temple remains the same. In this context, compare and contrast Nagara and Dravida style of temple architecture. (15 marks - 250 words)

Why this question? - Recently, the design of the planned shrine of Ram temple to be built in Ayodhya was released by the government. The temple, which will be built in the Nagara style of architecture, will comprise three stories with pillars and domes.

Intro - A brief about temple architecture in India.

Body - 

  • Classification of temple architecture in India.
  • Compare and contrast Nagara and Dravida styles.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) Can “economic backwardness” be the sole criterion for granting quota in government jobs and educational institutions? Critically analyze (15 marks - 250 words)

Why this question? - The Supreme Court recently referred to a five-judge Bench the “substantial question of law” - whether grant of 10% reservation to economically weaker sections of the society is unconstitutional and violates the 50?iling cap on quota declared by the court itself.

Intro - A brief about the Constitution (103 Amendment) Act, 2019. 

Body - 

  1. Key provisions of the amendment 
  2. Arguments in favor of reservation based on economic status. 
  3. Arguments against extending reservations on economic basis.

Way Forward -

  • There must be an institutional mechanism that recommends classes for reservation. 
  • Independent, transparent and non-intrusive verification methods have to be devised so that reservation provisions cannot be misused easily etc. 

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion


Q.3) Having multiple capitals spreads economic growth in diverse channels but hampers administrative efficiency. Analyze. (15 M, 250 Words) 

Why this question?

Andhra Pradesh  HC has stayed operation of three-capital Act.

Introduction to the answer:

  • Explain the concept of multiple capitals with the Andhra Pradesh example.


Discuss the following points:

  • Arguments in Favour of having multiple Capitals
    • the growth pole theory
    • Central business district (CBD) approach for economic development
  • Arguments against having multiple capitals
    • Hamper administrative efficiency
    • Infrastructure requirements

Conclusion: Suggest a way forward after cost benefit analysis of such cases.

Indian states can follow Germany where the executive and legislative capital is Berlin, but the judicial branch of the government is divided between Karlsruhe and Leipzig. Given the advances in communications technology, it is not important to locate everyone in the same place. We also have multiple judiciary benches in some states for the sake of efficiency.