Q.1) In the light of the recently released Draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification 2020, Discuss the need to balance the environment with development.
Why this question?
A group of Special Rapporteurs to the United Nations has recently written to the central government expressing concern over the proposed Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification 2020.
In brief about EIA
- About EIA
- The salient features of EIA Notification, 2006
- Draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification 2020
- Concerns raised by Special Rapporteurs to the United Nations
Mention the steps needed to improvise upon Draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification 2020.
Q.2) Different legal ages for men and women to marry are violative of Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution of India guarantees the right to equality and the right to live with dignity. Discuss (15 marks - 250 words)
Why this question? - Recently the Prime Minister of India as part of his Independence Day (74th) speech said that the central government has set up a committee to reconsider the minimum age of marriage for women.
Intro - Constitution of Ms. Jaya Jaitly task force.
- Legal framework for the age of consent in India.
- Reasons for different age of consent for men and women.
- Negative implications of this discrimination.
Way ahead -
Recommendations of various national and international bodies:
- The Law Commission.
- The Supreme court:
- National Legal Services Authority of India v Union of India (2014).
- Joseph Shine v Union of India (2019).
Conclusion - Summarize based on the above discussion.
Q.3) The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha secretariats notified that there will be no Question Hour during the Monsoon Session of Parliament due to pandemic situation. Discuss the significance of question hour in parliamentary form of government. Also suggest options to ensure continuity of question hour. (250 Words)
Why this question?
- There will be no Question Hour during the Monsoon Session of Parliament due to pandemic situation.Thus the question.
Introduction: Brief info about question hour, parliamentary form of govt.
Body: Significance of question hour
Instruments of accountability: The daily ‘Question Hour’ stands out on account of its regularity and its availability on a basis of equality to every Member of the House, Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha.
Covers every aspect of government activity, domestic and foreign.
- adds to public information
- The purpose of a Starred Question: Incomplete or unsatisfactory answers induce resort to other forms of accountability mentioned above.
Other options: Admit the Starred Question, reply to it in a set of prepositions and allow the Member concerned to table in writing the permitted number of follow up questions also to be answered in writing the following day.
Conclusion: The test of a functioning democracy is its ability to face crises and seek correctives premised on institutions of democracy. Executive accountability upfront cannot be allowed to become a thing of the past.
Q.4) National Digital Health Mission promises an end-to-end, hands-free Digital experience. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question?
- Recently, the Prime Minister announced a national health ID under the National Digital Health Mission. Thus the question.
Introduction: Mention in brief about the scheme.
Benefits of NDHM
- Ease of living
- Respects privacy
- Homogenised software
- There is insufficient time for discussions
- Federalism: Health is under the State-list subject.
- Costs of software change
- Rural disconnect
- Data privacy
Conclusion: Overall, the scheme appears to promise an end-to-end, hands-free Digital experience. But data is not the only cure, for all our ills. Our health infrastructure needs a complete overhaul.