current-affairs-based-mains-drill-4-august-2020

 

Q.1) We need a greater multi-layered, institutionalised decentralisation and respect for democratic rights for the people of J&K. Discuss. (10 M, 150 words)

Why this question?

Curfew has been imposed in Kashmir valley as the country's newest Union Territory marks a year since it was formed. 

Introduction to the answer:

  • Provide a brief background of the current situation in Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. You can write about removal of Article 370, creation of new union territories, the internet ban, lockdown etc.

Body:

  • Discuss the issues with the government’s Kashmir policy like detention of political prisoners, denial of civil and political liberties.
  • Write about significance of asymmetry federalism and respect for diversity in Indian democracy.

Way forward:

  • The respect for human rights and upholding national interest should be a key component of the Kashmir policy.
  • The devolution of political power from the Centre to J&K should be accompanied with a devolution of powers within J&K on the lines of J&K’s  divergent regional and ethnic urges. 

Conclusion:

We need multiple bridges including those between J&K and the rest of the country and among the various communities and regions of the former State.

 

Q.2) Recent migration of workers against the backdrop of the lockdown to contain the spread of coronavirus has seriously impacted the economy. There is a need for guaranteed social security for all unorganized sector workers. Opine. (10 M, 150 Words)

Why the question?

The parliamentary panel on labour has recommended universal social protection for unorganized sector workers and a blueprint for the Centre to include gig-economy workers, while acknowledging rapid changes in the labour market.

Introduction to the answer:

  • Briefly discuss the problem of migration due to the Coronavirus induced lockdown and its impact

Body: 

Discuss the following keywords:

  • Need for social security of migrant workers
  • Issues with the Code on Social Security, 2019

Way forward:

  • Recommendations of the parliamentary panel on labour

Conclusion:

The government measures for migrant workers should include issues and concerns of education, health, social security, and old age and disability pension, which are necessary for living a life of dignity.

 

Q.3)‘Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP) 2020’would provide a focused, structured and significant thrust to defence production capabilities of the country for self reliance and exports. Comment (250 words)

Why this question?

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) recently put out a draft ‘Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP) 2020’ for public feedback.

Intro:

Mention status of defence production and its potential

Body:

  • Mention in detail about Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP) 2020
    • Goals and objectives
    • Focus areas
    • Increasing share of domestic production
    • Increasing defence exports
    • Targets related to the aerospace industry
  • Mention a few problems in the policy

Conclusion:

  • Conclude by suggesting a ‘way forward’