Q.1) Suddenly cutting trade ties with China does not seem to be practical for India. In this context, discuss the opportunity and challenges offered by the recently announced Supply Chain Resilience Initiative. (15 marks - 250 words)

Why this question? - Japan has proposed the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative (SCRI) as a trilateral approach to trade, with India and Australia as the other two partners.

Intro - A brief about SCRI.


  • Need for building supply chain resilience.
  • What is driving the trilateral dialogue?

Way ahead - 

  • Suddenly cutting links with China would be impractical: Fully dependent in Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients for medicines, in electronics.
  • Need to become self reliant: If India enhances self-reliance or works with exporting nations other than China, it could build resilience into the economy’s supply networks.
  • Accelerate progress in ease of doing business and in skill building

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) The NRC list for Assam consists of the names of 2.89 crore people out of 3.29 crore people. The names of 40.07 lakh people were not included in the list. How we deal with the excluded people will have a significance for democracy. Discuss. (10M, 150 words)

Why this question?

  • A year after the publication of the complete National Register of Citizens (NRC), the people excluded from the updated list are yet to get rejection slips citing the reasons why they were excluded. Thus the question.


  • Explain in brief about NRC

Body: Discuss the following

  • Assam Accord and foreigners issue
  • Various mechanisms to deal with excluded people’s issue- Foreign Tribunals
  • Ethical concerns of immigrants-humane approach of democracy

Conclusion: Summarize and suggest a way forward for the government to resolve the issue.


Q.3) India will now have to wait for Shinzo Abe’s successor who will have big shoes to fill. Elucidate (250 words)

Why this question?

Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe recently resigned due to health conditions


Mention that his leadership transformed Japan’s relationship with India.


  • Recent transformation in India-Japan ties
    • First Japanese PM to be Chief Guest at the Republic Day parade in 2014
    • The most visits by any Japanese PM to India etc
  • Acceleration in the pace of ties since 2012
    • Global Partnership between Japan and India
  • Idea of Indo-Pacific
    • The confluence of the Two Seas” speech
  • Special Strategic and Global Partnership
  • Nuclear deal
  • Defense Cooperation
  • India-China stand-offs
  • Infrastructural cooperation
    • Shinkansen system (bullet train)
    • Projects in Northeast 
    • Joint projects in the Maldives and Sri Lanka etc


Summarise your answer based on the above points.