Question 1 to 3 are of 10 marks each, and questions 4 and 5 are of 15 marks each.

  1. What are Ramsar sites, and how are they important?
  2. Waste recollection is a major issue. Examine the challenges and suggest solutions to improve it.
  3. Highlight the challenges in the reintroduction of extinct species. Suggest solutions to ensure smooth rehabilitation.
  4. BHUVAN is a unique initiative that can have applications beyond just transportation. Highlight its utility with special emphasis on the e-Governance.
  5. Epidemics need immediate and stern responses. Examine the current emergency response system in India. Highlight the lacunae and suggest solutions to fill the same.