Q.1) Mission Karmayogi aims to prepare the Indian Civil Servant for the future by making him more creative & constructive. Discuss the reforms needed to make civil services more efficient. (205 words)

Why this question?

  • The Union Cabinet on Wednesday gave its approval for Mission Karmayogi, a new national capacity building and performance evaluation programme for civil servants. Thus the question.

Introduction: Mention the need for civil services reforms.


  • Recent govt initiatives like lateral entry, examination process reforms
  • Concerns and challenges 

Way forward: 2nd ARC recommendations, Prakash Singh Case

Conclusion: The colonialists needed a perfectly rigid administrative structure to be a fortress of their hard-earned power. The time has come to replace it with a new age, flexible and strong substitute.


Q.2) The Question Hour and Zero hour play a significant role in exercising parliament’s control over the executive? Explain (150 Words)

Why this question?

The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha secretariats notified that there will be no Question Hour during the Monsoon Session of Parliament, which has been truncated in view of the Covid-19 pandemic, and that Zero Hour will be restricted in both Houses. Thus the question.

Introduction: Give a brief description of Question hour and Zero hour. Also mention the Parliamentary system of government.

Body: Discuss the following:

Significance of parliamentary control over govt: Responsibility of the Council of Ministers, Accountability, transparency

  • Accountability: The questions asked have exposed financial irregularities and brought data and information regarding government functioning to the public domain. 
    • The live broadcast of Question Hour has become one the most visible aspects of parliamentary functioning.
  • Transparency: When MPs are trying to gather data and information about government functioning, they prefer the responses to such queries in writing.These questions are called unstarred questions. 

Conclusion: Summarize the above points.


Q.3) What is a permanent commission? Discuss the SC judgment in this regard and its implications.

Why in news:

  •  The Supreme Court allowed a one-month extension to the government to implement its February 17 judgment to grant permanent commission/command posts to eligible women officers in the armed forces.


  • Define Permanent commission.


Supreme Court observations in its Judgement 

  • Equal physiologically: Women officers of the Indian Army have brought laurels to the force. Keeping their track record in mind their service to the nation can never be denied and it is beyond reproach.
  • The SC ordered the implementation of the 2010 judgment of Delhi HC within 3 months and also asked the Government to adhere to its own policy of Feb 2019.
  • Everyone serving in the Army is an equal citizen: To cast aspersion on the abilities of women on the ground of gender is an affront.
  • It is disrespecting not only their dignity as women but the dignity of the members of the Indian Army men and women both as they both serve as equal citizens in a common mission.
  • Demolished gender stereotypes: Women officers in the Army are not adjuncts to a male-dominated establishment.
  • Violation of Equality under the law: The Supreme Court also dismissed the government's stand that only women officers with less than 14 years of service ought to be considered for permanent commission, and those with over 20 years of service should be pensioned immediately.


Conclude with the significance of this judgment.