Q.1) Discuss the reasons that led to the beginning of the working class movements in pre-independent India. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), the first Central Trade Union of India founded on October 31, 1920, has completed hundred years of its formation recently.

Intro - The beginning of the labour upsurge against oppression and exploitation goes back to the second half of the nineteenth century. 

Body - 

  • Different working class movements
  • Reasons that led to their beginning

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) Critically analyse the provisions of National Education Policy, 2020. Also suggest a way forward for Indian education system. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • The union cabinet recently approved the new National Education Policy, making way for large scale, transformational reforms in both school and higher education sectors. Thus the question.

Introduction: Mention a brief background about evolution of education system in India.


  • Key provisions of NEP, 2020
  • Concerns:
    • Centre’s dominating  role
    • States’ old ways
    • Right to education
    • Social justice
    • Coordination
    • Top down approach
    • Economic policy favours greater private enterprise 
    • Autonomy

Conclusion: Summarize and suggest a way forward



Q.3) Transparency can enable more informed decision-making within the government, greater public scrutiny of the RBI’s performance, and an improved inflation-targeting regime. Discuss. (250 words)


Why this question?

  • In each of the last three quarters, average inflation has not only exceeded the target, but has persisted above the upper tolerance limit set by the Centre.

Introduction: Mention the significance of monetary policy.


  • Monetary policy framework, targets
  • Objectives
  • Need for transparency and its benefits

Conclusion: Summarize and provide a way forward


Q.4) The modifications in the wages code is expected to help tackle the problem of sexual harassment at workplace. Comment (250 words)

Why this question?

There is a Provision in the new Wages Code which says those indulging in sexual harassment of any form could run the risk of losing out on bonus dues from their employers.


Mention some stats related to sexual harassment at workplace


  • In details recent change in the wage code 
  • How will it complement the existing sexual harassment at workplace act,2013
  • What more needs to be done
  • Few suggestions


Summarize the above discussion