current-affairs-based-mains-drill-3-march-2021

 

Q) After two quarters of a sharp contraction, India’s economy is estimated to have rebounded out of ‘technical recession’ to record feeble growth. But the major challenges continue to persist. Discuss 

Why this Question:

India’s GDP rose by 0.4percent in October- December 2020 period. 

Key Demand of the question.

Major challenges persisting in the Indian economy and measures to deal with them. 

Directive:

Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Give a brief overview of the current situation of the Indian economy. 

Body:

In the first part, categorically mention the various challenges that the Indian economy has been facing- inequalities, unemployment, inflation, etc.

In the next part, suggest measures to be taken to resolve the challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with few government initiatives in this regard. 

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Q) Forging stronger ties with the EU through a mutually beneficial agreement could help strengthen Indian manufacturing and revitalize the flailing exports. Comment. 

Why this Question:

Important part of GS paper- II.

Key Demand of the Question:

Significance of increasing relations with the EU to pursue India’s interests.

Directive:

Comment- Pick out the main points on a subject and give your opinion, reinforcing your point of view using logic and reference to relevant evidence, including any wider reading you have done.

Introduction:

Give an introduction about India- EU relations. 

Body:

In the first part, categorically highlight the significance of EU for India.

In the next part, explain what kinds of agreements will help in pursuing Indian as well as EU interests and also improve the relations between the two regions. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward. 

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Q)  What do you understand by emergency? Under what circumstances can an emergency be proclaimed in India? Discuss the Constitutional safeguards against illegitimate proclamation of emergency. 

Why this question 

Important part of GS paper- II.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what emergency is, its types and grounds of proclamation; and constitutional safeguards against emergency. 

Directive:

Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Explain the concept of emergency in India. 

Body:

In the first part, mention the types of emergency under the Constitution and the grounds of its declaration.

In the next part, give a list of Constitutional safeguards against illegitimate proclamation of emergency.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward. 

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Q) MSMEs are the backbone of a resilient national economy and prioritizing their development is critical to the future of the country. In this context, Critically analyse the development of MSME sector in India. 

Why this question:

Important part of GS paper- III. 

Key demand of the question:

The successes and the failures of the Make in India programme. 

Directive:

Critically analyse - The key to tackling this question is providing ample evidence to support the claims. Ensure that the analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. Present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.

Introduction:

Give a brief overview of the MSME sector in India. Use statistics regarding their numbers, employment they generate, etc.

Body:

In the first part, highlight the challenges that the MSME sector has been facing.

In the next part, highlight the steps taken by the government to boost the development of MSMEs.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the significance of MSMEs and the impact they can create on the Indian economy. 

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Q) Too many cesses complicate the tax system and add to administrative and compliance costs. In this context, critically examine the levy of Cess in the Indian taxation system.

Why this Question

Important part of GS paper III. 

Key Demand of the Question:

Explain what cesses are, its objectives and controversies surrounding it.

Directive:

Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.

Introduction:

Give a brief explanation about the cess system in India.

Body:

In the first part, highlight the objectives for which a cess is levied. 

In the next part, highlight the issues associated with the levy of cess. Use various reports to substantiate the arguments. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

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