Q) India’s self reliance in defence manufacturing is at a low level despite a huge defence industrial complex. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Why this question?

The government’s new policy for defence acquisitions Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020  was approved by the Defence Acquisition Council. Thus the question.

Introduction: The lack of institutional capacity and ability to guide the new process to its logical conclusion have been the shortcomings of India’s defence manufacturing policy.

Body: Discuss the following aspects

  • Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) – 2020
  • Concerns:
    • Privileged position enjoyed by public sector entities
    • Shortcomings of strategic partnership model, Make I and Make II

Conclusion: There is a need for reforms in the structures and decision-making processes surrounding procurement and production that have inhibited the development of a strong defence industry.