Q. Gender equity in science is not only essential for the development of women but society as a whole. Discuss the steps taken by India in this regard. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - The Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, will incorporate a system of grading institutes - GATI, based on a programme started by the United Kingdom in 2005 called the Athena SWAN, to achieve gender equity in science.

Intro - Status of women in the field of S&T in India. Substantiate with data.


  • Need for gender equity in India
  • Steps taken by India govt
  • Challenges ahead

Way ahead - How to overcome these challenges.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.

Q. Farmer’s protests have become a regular phenomenon on Indian streets in recent times. In this context, analyze the reasons behind these protests. (15 Marks -250 Words)

Why this question? - Thousands of farmers from Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh have been marching toward the national capital in protest against the three central farm legislations. 

Intro - Highlight the recent cases of farmers protests.


  • Discuss the reasons
  • Steps taken by the govt

Way ahead - What more needs to be done.

Conclusion -  Summarize based on above discussion.

Q) Critically analyse the organ transplant policy of India. Also suggest a way forward for its success. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare recently chaired multiple events to mark National Organ Donation Day. Thus the question.

Introduction: Mention briefly about organ donation and its types.


  • Status of Organ Donation in India:
  • Policy Initiatives:
    • Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994
    • Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act, 2011
    • Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Rules (THOT), 2014
    • National Organ Transplant Programme (NOTP)


  • Demand and Supply Gap
  • Socio-cultural beliefs
  • Lack of awareness
  • Infrastructural issue
  • High Cost of transplant surgeries

Conclusion/way forward: Summarize and suggest reforms in legislation, organizations, infrastructure and field of public awareness.

Q) The right to bail should be made a part of an under trial’s right to life. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • The Supreme Court gave a clarion call to judges to protect personal liberty and the right of ordinary people to bail, saying “liberty is not a gift for the few”. Common citizens without the means or resources to move the High Courts or the Supreme Court were languishing in jails as undertrials. Thus the question.

Introduction: Briefly explain the issue of languishing undertrials in jails.


  • Provide NCRB data about undertrials
  • Issues like inhospitable jail conditions, pending cases
  • Right to life of undertrials
  • Case for right to bail

Conclusion: Conclude with way forward