current-affairs-based-mains-drill-27-october-2021

 

Q. Distinguishing between a tropical and extra tropical cyclone, explain the conditions that are favourable for the formation of a tropical cyclone? 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write in detail the tropical cyclones as a concept, their features and the factors contributing in formation of tropical cyclones and differentiate them from extra-tropical cyclones.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define a tropical cyclone.

Body:

First, write about the features of tropical cyclone and factors contributing in formation of cyclones

Next, difference between tropical and extra tropical cyclones

Substantiate the above aspects with relevant diagrammatic demonstrations and give recent examples of cyclonic activities.

Conclusion:

Stress upon the timely dissemination of warning of cyclones and increasing preparedness of disaster management authorities.

 

Q. A national water policy for the twenty-first century has to recognise water as a national resource and enable the management of water in a decentralised way in partnership between local communities and the concerned state governments. Comment. 

Why the question:

The Ministry of Jal Shakti had set up a committee to draft the new National Water Policy (NWP). This was the first time that the government asked a committee of independent experts to draft the policy.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of centre, state and local bodies in the National Water Policy.

Directive word:

Comment- here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving some facts regarding the issues surrounding water management in India.

Body:

Mention by stating the need for a sound National Water Policy to minimise the negative impacts of the overuse and misuse of water and to ensure that our precious water resources are used optimally.

Next, highlight the role of water in removing poverty, promoting overall economic and social development of the country. Bring out the need for a robust co-ordination setup between the local governments and the states primarily to manage local water needs and issues and the centre to take the role of a facilitator.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance of decentralised approach to water management.

 

Q. Metaverse is well and truly taking off and India must put in place policy and regulatory mechanisms to maximise benefits and minimise risks of the novel technology. Examine.  

Why the question:

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg on Thursday outlined his vision for the future of the social media giant, formalising the company’s focus on the metaverse.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about technological and regulatory preparations that India must ensure for developments of new virtual environments like metaverse.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by defining metaverse.

Body:

First, explain the concept of metaverse – a science fiction concept about to be turned into reality.

Next, Elaborate on the various components of the metaverse and its possible applications. Substantiate with examples.

Next, Analyse the areas that India needs to proactive prepare to reap maximum benefits while reducing the negative impacts. Infrastructure development, interoperability, Payments system, Preventing Cartelization by big companies, Security, Privacy and regulatory issues that must be put in place.

Conclusion:

End the answer with a way forward which summarises need to make most of the opportunity of technology of metaverse.