current-affairs-based-mains-drill-26-october-2021

 

Q. “Supreme Court’s ruling granting permanent commission to women on a par with men has been hailed as a “great leap” towards equality in the army. “ Comment. 

Why this question:

The article highlights the implications of the Supreme Court’s order granting permanent commission to women on a par with men.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance of the verdict and in what way it’s a great leap forward towards equality in the Indian army.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

State the details of the case; The Supreme Court recently brought women officers in 10 streams of the Army on a par with their male counterparts in all respects, setting aside longstanding objections of the government.

Body:

The body of the answer should first cover the background of the case; discuss when women were first inducted into the Army etc. Then explain why till recent times Women were not considered for higher ranks in the Army and other defence roles. Explain the bias towards women in general, present arguments supporting the judgment, highlight that several countries with powerful militaries, such as China, the United States of America and Israel, allow women in different forms of active combat. Discuss why the judgment is a leap forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such a judgment in granting equality at the gender roles.

 

Q. Discuss the merits and costs of involving children in protests and political actions while bringing out the constitutional provisions associated with the same in our country. 

Why this question:

The question is in the background of  Supreme Court’s move to take suo motu cognizance of children taking part in demonstrations in Shaheen Bagh in Delhi.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the merits and costs of involving children in protests and political actions and discuss the constitutional provisions associated with it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what constitutes – the right to protest and what are the constitutional provisions associated with it in the country.

Body:

List down the basic provisions associated with the right to protest in the country. Explain significance of Article 19; right to protest, United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) etc. Then move onto discuss in what way questions have emerged whether it is responsible parenting to protect children from these issues or to involve children in the middle of a protest that involves police action and could become volatile. Take hints from the article and present your opinion with suitable justifications.

Conclusion:

Take a fair and balanced approach and conclude with a middle path that strikes balance between right to protest and protection of children in such incidences.

 

Q.With electoral process in India is becoming increasingly advanced in terms of use of data, there is a need for a data protection framework to uphold a voter’s informational autonomy. Elucidate.

Why this question:

The author in the article discusses how with the electoral process tapping data in the country, a data protection framework must uphold a voter’s informational autonomy.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the need for a strong data protection framework to uphold the information of the voter in the elections of the country.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question.

Body:

Explain first how in recent times Indian electoral system has advanced and upgraded itself in terms of use of data but however it still has lacunae on the front of protection of this information making the voter’s information vulnerable. Discuss specific issues such as micro targeting by the government, take cues from the article and bring out the challenges involved. Comment on the front of privacy laws, need to enforce better framework.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the above issues, assert upon the need to develop a robust framework to address the issue.