Q.1) Cash transfers cannot be a substitute for the provision of subsidised foodgrains under PDS.comment.
Why this question:
- With COVID-19 cases increasing and the economy continuing to be in a downturn, some corrective measures need to be put in place to ensure that there are no exclusions and that this basic support of subsidised foodgrains reaches everybody preventing large-scale hunger and starvation.
- Define PDS
- Discuss the benefit of cash transfer.
- Then, discuss the challenges and issues involved in cash transfer.
- Suggest reforms in PDS
Q.2)Creation of the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) would help utilize India’s space resources in an efficient manner along with increment in space-based activities. Comment(250 words)
Why this question?
The Union Cabinet recently approved far-reaching reforms in the Space sector aimed at boosting private sector participation in the entire range of space activities.
Mention recently announced reforms
- Brief background of involvement of private players in the space industry
- Also mention the problems associated with utilising the potential
- About IN-SPACe
- Rationale for creation
- ISRO to focus on core activities
- Making available ISRO’s existing infrastructure
- ground- and space-based, scientific and technical resources, and even data of ISRO etc
- Key benefits of the move
- Mitigating the need of large scale investments
- Making Indian industry to be an important player in the global space economy
- Enhance the socio-economic use of space assets and activities
Suggest a way ahead to make India a major global player in the space industry.
Q.3) Mandatory disclosure of information relating to the country of origin on GeM portal is a prudent move. Comment. 10 marks ( 150 words)
Why this question:
The Government e-Marketplace (GeM) has made it mandatory for the sellers to disclose the country of origin on the products they wish to sell over the platform.
Tell briefly about Gem
- Due to rising Border tensions with China
- COVID Scenario
- In sync in Atma Nirbhar Abhiyan
- Will support Domestic Producers
- More employment generation in the Future
- Defining ‘Country of Origin’ is very difficult as products are assembled in a country while its components are imported from other places.
- Eg - iPhone is assembled in China while its components are provided by U.S, South Korea Japan and Taiwan.
- It portrays India as a Protectionist Country which might undermine the benefits of free trade in the near future.
- Further, a Price rise might be observed if cheap imports are not there leading to inflation in the economy.
- Earlier policy of Import Substitution had not yielded fruitful results for India.
The move in sync with Vocal for Local Slogan however robust support to the domestic industry must be given so as to ensure local products are produced at lower costs.
Q.4) The clashes in Galwan Valley in eastern Ladakh have claimed 20 Indian lives, the first incident of fatalities on the India-China border in 45 years. Critically analyse the reasons behind China’s new aggression on LAC.
Why this question?
- Despite multiple rounds of military-level talks, India-China LAC tensions are unlikely to ease given the complexity of the ground situation. This has led to question the real motive behind China’s aggression.
Introduction to the answer:
- About recent India China clashes
Possible reasons behind Chinese aggression:
- Shift in Chinese foreign policy post the COVID-19 outbreak: The tensions along the LAC are part of this shift.
- China is an ambitious rising power: It wants to reorient the global order.
- Era of peaceful rise is over: When it was rising, China had adopted different tactical positions — “hide your capacity and bide your time”, “peaceful rise” or “peaceful development”. That era is over.
- Broken global order
- China believes that global order is broken because the global economy is in an irrecoverable crisis given by the COVID-19 outbreak.
- COVID 19 & geopolitical manoeuvring:
- Weakening global powers: Europe has been devastated by the virus. The U.S. is battling in an election year the COVID-19 outbreak as well as the deepest economic meltdown since the Great Depression.
- Challenges from USA
- Salami slice strategy
- India is not a ‘swing state’ any more for China: It sees India as an ally-in-progress of the U.S. If India is what many in the West call the “counterweight” to China’s rise, Beijing’s definite message is that it is not deterred by the counterweight.
- India’s problems:
- The Indian economy was in trouble even before COVID-19 struck the country, slowing down its rise.
- Social upheaval over the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), 2019, and the National Register of Citizens had weakened the Indian polity.
- Dipping neighbourhood relations:
- A national security strategy: This strategy should be decoupled from the compulsions of domestic politics and anchored in neighbourhood realism.
- Facing China: It should stand up to China’s bullying on the border now.
- Winning neighbours: Long-term focus on enhancing capacities and winning back its friendly neighbours.