current-affairs-based-mains-drill-25-january-2021

 

Q.1) Do you think the government of India and the Election Commission of India has done enough for making Indian voters Empowered, Vigilant, Safe and Informed. Discuss (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - The Election Commission of India (ECI) is celebrating 11th National Voters Day (NVD) on 25th January 2021.

Key demand of the question - One has to discuss the initiatives of the government of India and the Election Commission of India for making Indian voters Empowered, Vigilant, Safe and Informed. Then arrive to the conclusion whether these initiatives have achieved the targets substantiating with data (For example voter turnout etc).

Directive - Discuss is an all-encompassing one. One has to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. 

Intro - A brief about the democratic practice of conducting elections in India.

Body

  • Initiatives to make voters Empowered, Vigilant, Safe and Informed - like SVEEP etc
  • Challenges

Way ahead - How to address the above challenges

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion

 

Q.2) The pandemic has negatively affected learning outcomes for students globally and in India. Discuss the need for  placing education at the centre of the recovery.  (150 words)

Why this question?

  • According to UNESCO estimates, about 1.6 billion students from some 190 countries were affected by the shutdown of schools caused by COVID-19, reversing years of progress in education. 

Key demand of the question- The question talks about the impact of pandemic on education. One has to discuss the significance of revving education in the face pandemic crisis. 

Directive : Discuss. One has to debate the topic and should explain key  facts and issues and their significance.

Introduction: Mention the impact of Covid-19 induced lockdown on economy in general and education.

Body:

  • Write about the learning crisis triggered by the pandemic, give UNESCO data.
  • Impact on India
  • Funding constraints 

Way forward: Aligning NEP 2020 with recovery program, promoting tech based learning

Conclusion: Summarize the discussion.

 

Q.3)The foundation of Indo-Nepal relations is the “people-to-people” connection. Critically examine the importance of Indo-Nepal ties.

Why this question?

Nepal and India have shared friendly relations since independence but recently there have been strain in ties.

Key demand of the Question:

To examine the importance of Nepal for India in the current multilateral world.

Directive:

Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction of India Nepal relations and its history.

Body:

In the first part, write about the importance of bilateral relations with India, mentioning the political, economic, social and strategic importance. Mention how people to people connection has strengthened it over time. 

In the next part, mention the current relations, how there has been a strain in ties and why is it important to maintain the ties, especially with reference to the border dispute and the increasing influence of China over Nepal.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.


 

Q.4 )The MGNREGA has been a pioneer policy in guaranteeing employment and assuring inclusive growth. Critically analyze. 

Why this question?

MNREGA is a key policy of the government for providing employment to the people and it has played a crucial role in the migrant crisis due to COVID19 pandemic.

Key demand of the Question:

To explain the importance of MNREGA in the current times.

Directive:

Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.

Introduction:

Write about what is MNREGA, when it was launched and its major aim.

Body:

In the first part mention the key provisions of the policy.

In the next part, write about the merits of the policy giving examples of its achievements- highlight the role it has played in providing employment, gender empowerment, rural development and recently in the migrant crisis.

In the next part, mention the issues and challenges in the policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward giving measures to fill the loopholes in the policy.

 

Q.5)The new administration in the USA could meet an agreement on JCPOA with Iran soon. Discuss how US-Iran relations can impact India's foreign policy.

Why the question:

Recent elections in the US and the regime change.

Key demand of the question:

To explain the JCPOA and its importance w.r.t. India.

Directive: 

Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Write about what JCPOA is. Also mention the countries involved.

Body:

In the first part mention in brief the key provision of JCPOA, the recent pull out of JCPOA by USA and the sanctions it has imposed on Iran. Mention the grounds of the sanction and the impact it has on Iran.

In the next part, write in brief about India’s relations with Iran and the effect that the sanctions will have on India especially in the fields of oil and gas imports- Iran being one of the largest providers, then on the ongoing projects of India Iran- Chabahar Port, Zahedan Railway Project from which Iran recently denied India’s involvement and how this will lead to growing ties between Iran and China.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward.

 

Q.6)What is the importance of the NBFC sector in India's financial market? How can the issues related to it be resolved?

Why this question:

NBFC forms an important part of the current affairs as well as GS Paper III.

Key demand of the question:

Mention the importance of the NBFC sector and the recent crisis that it is going through.

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction of the NBFC sector.

Body:

In the first part mention the importance of the NBFC sector in India w.r.t. inclusive growth, employment, micro finance, asset finance, infrastructure finance, etc. giving examples.

In the next part, mention the issues with the NBFC sector. Relate it to the recent crisis in the sector.

Also, mention the measures adopted by the Government and the RBI to boost up the sector.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward.

 

Q.7)Enumerate the key provisions of the “Sagarmala” project. How can the project boost India’s infrastructure capacity?

Why this question:

Sagarmala Project is a key project of the government in the port infrastructure sector.

Key Demand of the question:

Importance of Sagarmala Project for India’s economic growth.

Directive:

Enumerate - Specifically asking you to provide details in a pointwise format. 

Introduction:

Introduce what is the Sagarmala project and what it deals with.

Body:

In the first part mention the key provisions of the Sagarmala Project and its components.

In the next part, mention the importance of the project, the issues it will solve and the strategic and economic implications for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Q.8)Recovering and Revitalizing education for the COVID­19 generation is the need of the hour. Discuss.

Why this question:

The recent disruption in the education sector due to the COVID19 pandemic and the need to reform it.

Key demand of the Question:

Measures to reform the education sector to deal with the contemporary challenges such as those faced due to the COVID19 pandemic.

Introduction:

Give a brief introduction about how COVID19 caused complete disruption in the education sector due to the closure of schools.

Body:

In the first part, mention the challenges that the education sector has faced due to the COVID19 pandemic especially w.r.t. government schools, rural areas, children of the primary classes and also why were the issues caused- poor digital infrastructure, low literacy levels in rural areas, lack of digital education, etc.

In the next part, mention the measures adopted by the governments, both Central and state level have taken to fight the challenges, example the DIKSHA app, e-pathshala, NROER (National Repository of Open Educational Resources), NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling) and other IT initiatives e-yantra (robotics education), etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing how these measures will reform the education sector and help in recovering from the pandemic and also help in dealing with the contemporary challenges of the digital world.