Q) Recently World leaders came together, virtually to mark the 75th anniversary of the United Nations amid the Coronavirus pandemic. There is a need for urgent UN reforms to deal with global crises. Explain. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • At a special session marking 75 years of the United Nations, the Prime Minister called for reform of its “outdated structures”, pointing out that in the absence of comprehensive changes, the world body today faces a “crisis of confidence”. 

Introduction: India has been at the forefront of demanding reform in the UN, particularly its principal organ, the Security Council, for decades. Since 1993, the UN General Assembly has hotly debated Council reform but has not been able to reach agreement.

Body: Discuss the following aspects

  • Flaws with UN structure and functioning: inequality, veto power, inefficiency, failure to check Coronavirus pandemic
  • UNSC reform agenda
  • Stalled IGN: The UN’s reform process, held through InterGovernmental Negotiations (IGN) has not made progress over decades, despite commitments. 

Conclusion: Summarize and provide a way forward by strengthening IGN process.