current-affairs-based-mains-drill-23-october-2021

 

Q) Do you think that the effectiveness of the existing affirmative actions and social programmes has improved the socio-economic status of the marginalized groups in India? Critically analyse.

Why this question:

The article covers a deeper analysis on the extent of economic mobility in India.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the effectiveness of the existing affirmative actions and social programmes have improved the socio-economic status of the marginalized groups in India.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by stating that there has been a phenomenal rise in economic inequality in India, especially in the post-1991 liberalization period.

Body:

One should start answers to such questions using suitable statistical data to justify the context of the question.

Define what economic mobility is.

Explain that given this dramatic rise in inequality, it is imperative to accurately measure the extent of economic mobility in India, which reflects the number of people moving up and down the economic ladder over time.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 

Q) Inorder to be a $5-trillion economy by 2025, India needs to build a cohesive national strategy around artificial intelligence (AI), do you agree? Justify your opinion with suitable illustrations.

Why this question:

The article explains that while it is clear that India is heading in a direction where both the private and public sectors are unified in their commitment to promote and upscale AI, most of the commitments have been made on paper, in budget speeches, proposals and heavily researched reports.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way to be a $5-trillion economy by 2025, India needs to build a cohesive national strategy around artificial intelligence (AI).

Directive:

Justify – When you are asked to justify, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question using suitable case studies or/ and examples.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain that while the government has been vocal about its intention to mainstream AI applications for social good, and ensure that AI research in India keeps pace with global developments, there is little evidence to show that even the basic building blocks to achieve this have been put in place.

Body:

Discuss first in detail that multiple calls taken by various governmental agencies have led to seemingly independent and often confusing strategies, resulting in conflict and a very real danger of ineffective execution.

Bring out and highlight various stands taken by different institutions around this idea.

Explain what can be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude  that India’s AI strategy narrative needs to change from being a reactionary step to “counter the charge” of countries like China, to a proactive one where policies and infrastructure made in the country serve as “a beacon of inspiration” to other countries that are further behind.

 

Q) Climate change mitigation should be central to the urban planning, in this regard, discuss the strategies to be developed to have a sustainable urbanisation and discuss any measures taken by the government to that effect. 

Why this question:

The article highlights the significance of keeping urban planning centric to the climate change.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of considering the climate change factor integral to the urban planning aspect.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the centrality of climate change aspect to urban planning.

Body:

Explain, in brief, cities contribution to the emissions and need for integrating the climate change in planning of cities.

Suggest on various strategies to have sustainable urbanization transportation, land resource management, green vehicles, green buildings etc.

Elaborate on the measures taken by the government to ensure sustainable cities.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.