current-affairs-based-mains-drill-23-january-2021

 

Q.1) The idea of a caste census is back in the realm of public debate, following the Tamil Nadu government’s decision to establish a commission to collect caste-wise data. Discuss the significance and challenges of conducting a caste based census in India. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • There is an ongoing debate on conducting a caste based census in India.

Key demand of the question: Significance and challenges of conducting a caste based census in India

Directive word:

  • Discuss-  Debate the issue and give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Introduction: Mention in brief about the background of caste enumeration in India

Body:

  • Shortcomings of census in covering the effects of caste as an aspect of Indian social structure in everyday life.
  • Significance of caste based census: Broader caste information is a necessity to capture contemporary Indian society and to understand and remedy inequalities.
  • Challenges:
    • A large administrative exercise 
    • Political and social repercussions of a caste census
    • Difficult to measure

Conclusion: Summarize the discussion

 

Q.2) India seeks to play a constructive role in the Arctic by leveraging its vast scientific pool and expertise in Himalayan and Polar research. Explain the significance of exploring the Arctic region. (150 words).

Why this question?

  • India has recently released a draft Arctic Policy document in order to solicit public comments.

Key demand of the question: benefits of exploring the Arctic region.

Introduction: Mention in brief about India’s Arctic expeditions.

Body:

Significance :

  • Climate change: “Arctic research will help India’s scientific community to study melting rates of the third pole — the Himalayan glaciers, which are endowed with the largest freshwater reserves in the world outside the geographic poles.
  • New pathogens: Melting ice in the Arctic due to climate change could release new pathogens that had previously remained trapped, thus increasing the possibility of future pandemics.
  • Arctic geopolitics

Conclusion: Conclude with the way forward

 

Q.3)Explain how India’s vaccine diplomacy can strengthen its “Neighbourhood First” policy.

Why this question:

Recent decision by India to give COVID19 vaccine to its neighbouring countries- Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives, Bangladesh, etc.

Key demand of the Question:

Explain India’s Neighbourhood First Policy and what role can vaccine diplomacy play in it

Directive:

Explain- Clarify a topic in detail. Two things to be taken care of- To provide as much detail as possible, and to give definitions for any jargon or key terms when used.

Introduction:

Explain what India’s Neighbourhood First Policy is. 

Next define vaccine diplomacy.

Body:

In the first part mention the key features of India’s neighbourhood first policy and its significance.

Next mention how a measure like the gift of vaccines can strengthen India’s relations with its neighbours especially in times where COVID19 pandemic has caused crisis all over the world.

Also mention how it will help in reducing China’s influence in these countries which in the recent past has increased to a large extent, eg.- in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward.


 

Q.4)Devolution of funds has been a major concern for effective working of local self-governance in India. Critically analyze how local self-governance can strengthen democracy.

Why this Question:

Local self-governments form an important part of GS II.

Key demand of the Question:

Mention how untimely devolution of funds has caused inefficiency of the local self-governments.

Directive:

Critically Analyze- The key to tackling this question is providing ample evidence to support the claims. Ensure that the analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. Present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.

Introduction:

Mention by introducing local self governments, when they were introduced, 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts in DPSP.

Body:

In the first part mention the benefits of having an efficient local self government and the role they play in development at the ground level.

In the next part mention the challenges they face especially w.r.t. devolution of funds.

Conclusion:

Provide measures to strengthen local self-governments as it was something that Mahatma Gandhi dreamt of.

 

Q.5)The bird flu outbreak across various states in India has caused a panic among citizens. Discuss how health infrastructure can be improved to deal with such disease outbreaks.

Why this Question:

Recent outbreak of bird flu and the consequences it is causing.

Key demand of the question:

Importance of an efficient health infrastructure in fighting such frequent outbreaks.

Directive:

Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Mention about bird flu and how it is caused.

Body:

In the first part mention about the consequences of bird flu and similar outbreaks especially the impact it has on health.

In the next part, mention the problems that are caused due to the failure in the public health care infrastructure. Support by giving examples of such instances in the past.

Conclusion:

Conclude by providing measures that the government can adopt for strengthening the health infrastructure in the country.

 

Q.6)Enumerate key features of Data Protection Bill (2019). How the recommendations of the Srikrishna Committee can help in effective implementation of data protection law?

Why this question:

Recent debates on data privacy due to the whatsapp privacy policy update.

Key demand of the question:

Why the Data Protection Bill is the current need of the nation due to frequent privacy issues in the country.

Directive:

Enumerate- Specifically provide details of the topic in a pointwise format.

Introduction:

Mention about Data Protection Bill and what it deals with.

Body:

In the first part, mention in detail about the provisions of the Data Protection Bill and then mention its importance.

In the next part, mention some of the recommendations of the Srikrishna Committee and how it can help in effective data protection.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward to prevent instances of violation of citizens’ Right to Privacy.

 

Q.7)Lack of laws to control issues of “fake news” can cause spread of misinformation. In this regard, discuss how the issues of “Deep Fakes” can be prevented.

Why this question:

Incidents of fake news are increasing every day and deep fakes have become a big threat.

Key demand of the Question:

Need of laws to deal with fake news especially deep fakes.

Directive:

Discuss: back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Introduce fake news and deep fakes.

Body:

In the first part mention the consequences of fake news. Support by giving examples.

In the next part mention the mechanism of deep fakes, the concerns caused by it and how it is very difficult to detect especially for common people and how it can be threatening for the democratic fabric and the harmony in the society

Explain the methods to overcome the challenges posed by fake news and deep fakes.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving a way forward how the government can control the menace of fake news and deep fakes.

 

Q.8)Discuss the key features of the recent Farm Laws (2019). How can the government strengthen these laws with better consensus building among various stakeholders?

Why this question:

Continuous protests by the farmers against the laws and the failure of the government to reach a consensus.

Key demand of the question:

Analysis of the farm laws.

Directive:

Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Mention about the farm laws and what it contains- the 3 laws that are a part of it:

  1. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020
  2. Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 and
  3. Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020.

Body:

In the first part mention about the key provisions of the three laws and what they deal with.

In the next part mention the advantages of the laws and why they were necessary. Also mention the issues associated with the laws and why the farmers are protesting. 

Next, mention that farmers are a key stakeholder in the farm laws and their interests should be the priority of the government.

Conclusion:

Conclude by providing measures that the government can take to safeguard farmers’ interests and also reduce such controversies in the future.