Q.1) India and Vietnam share a Vision that will serve as a cornerstone for a new era of India - Vietnam Comprehensive Strategic Partnership. Comment (15 Marks - 250 Words)
Why this question? - Recently, the Prime Minister of India and the Prime Minister of Vietnam co-chaired a Virtual Summit.
Intro - A Brief background of their relations.
- Relations in recent times
- Shared interest
- Bone of contention
Way ahead - How to expand ties further.
Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.
Q.2) The latest data from the National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) proves that the country’s population is stabilising. Fears over a “population explosion” and calls for a “two-child policy” are misguided. Discuss. (250 words)
Why this question?
- The first part of the NFHS-5 report records data for 17 States and five Union Territories. The Total Fertility Rate (number of children born per woman) has decreased across 14 out of 17 States and is either at 2.1 children per woman or less.
Introduction: Mention the recently introduced local laws on two child policy by the states.
Data from NFHS-5:
- The Total Fertility Rate (number of children born per woman) has decreased across 14 out of 17 States and is either at 2.1 children per woman or less.
- This also implies that most States have attained replacement level fertility.
- This is the average number of children born per woman at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next.
- Increase in modern methods of contraception
Concerns with two child policy:
- Absence of evidence for its effectiveness
- Violates women's rights
- Violation of international norms: India became a signatory to the International Conference on Population and Development Declaration in 1994.