current-affairs-based-mains-drill-21-october-2021

Q. Social evils like child marriage has a multidimensional impact not only on the girl child but on the society as a whole. Elaborate.

Why the question:

India has the largest number of brides in the world – one-third of the global total.

Key Demand of the question:

To highlight the ill impacts of child marriage in Indian society

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving statistics about child marriage in India and also the legal stand against it.

Body:

Mention about the educational, health, economical and many other dimensions of development of a child that is being hindered by the ill issue of Child marriage and also mention few laws and organisations that are against such ills.

Also mention the various steps taken by the government to prevent the social evil of child marriage.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that elimination of Child marriage is one of the global agenda (SDG goal) and way forward India must take to achieve it.

 

Q. Critically analyse the performance of National Green Tribunal (NGT) in upholding its responsibility. Do you think the endowment of Suo-motu powers to NGT is a step in right direction? 

Why the question:

The Supreme Court has declared the National Green Tribunal’s (NGT) position as a “unique” forum endowed with suo motu powers to take up environmental issues across the country.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the limitations of NGT in upholding its mandate and will the grant of Suo moto powers change that.

Directive word: 

Critically analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief introduction on context for introduction of NGT and its mandate

Body:

First, mention some of the landmark environmental reforms brought in through NGT.

Next, list out its shortcomings such as appeals against NGT rulings in High Court and Supreme Court leading to long delays through litigation, lack of overall environmental expertise of the members of tribunal. 

Next, bring out the positive aspects such as the power of NGT to suo-motu take up causes in order to protect the environmental sanctity in the country. Mention the drawbacks of the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to leverage functional capacity of the NGT and do full justice in its environmental mandate.

 

Q. The Covid Pandemic has reiterated the need for “Right to Health” in India. Critically examine.

Why the question:

Kailash Satyarthi, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 called on the Parliament of India to take immediate measures to make necessary amendments to the Constitution to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Key Demand of the question:

To mention the steps needed to implement Health as a Right in India and to mention its impact

Directive word:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about health care in India.

Body:

First, mention the need for Right to Health that would promote the health of various weaker sections of the society and also boost economic development. Further link the benefits of better healthcare systems to that of various existing schemes like Ayushman Bharath.

Next, bring out the impediments to declare health care a Fundamental Right.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting that Right to Health is only a detailed interpretation of Right to life that is already a constitutional right.