current-affairs-based-mains-drill-21-october-2020

 

Q.1) The Defence Ministry released its latest Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 (DAP 2020) which diluted the “offset” policy in defence procurement. Many contend that the move is a setback for augmenting domestic capabilities. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • The govt. changed a 15-year old policy by removing the clause for offsets if the equipment is being bought either through deals or agreements between two countries, or through an ab initio single-vendor deal.

Introduction: An offset provision in a contract makes it obligatory on the supplier to either “reverse purchase, execute export orders or invest in local industry or in research and development” in the buyer’s domestic industry.

Body:

  • Changes in offset policy
  • Benefits of offsets
  • Concerns with offset clause removal

    • Setback for indegenous defence production

    • Short lived offset policy in aerospace

Conclusion: The offset policy can, however, succeed, if it is designed and executed correctly, like in the aerospace industry. India needs to re-conceive or re-imagine the offset clause in defence contracts with stricter enforcement of the deals, in order to aim for ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan’, or a self-reliant India.

 

Q.2) Discuss the significance of defence deals in India-US bilateral relation. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • India and the US are preparing for the third 2+2 ministerial meeting. Thus the question.

Introduction: The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), LEMOA and COMCASA have been dubbed the troika of foundational pacts for deeper military cooperation between India and USA.

Body:

  • A brief about India-US bilateral relations
  • Defence deals signed between India and US
  • Significance: Defence as a driver, strategic convergence between India and the US on the rise of an aggressive and expansionist China in the Indo-Pacific, Quad, economic benefits

Conclusion: Summarize the above points and suggest a way forward.

 

Q.3) India is a fertile ground to be a technology-led innovation garage. Comment (250 words)

Why this question?

The questions on innovation in different fields have been asked frequently.

Intro:

Mention few stats such as ‘India is the fastest growing country in terms of Internet usage’

Body:

  • Elaborate India’s innovation potential
    • Mention Vaishvik Bharatiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) summit and (RAISE) 2020 summit
    • JAM figures
    • A recent report by Accenture, potential to add over $957 billion to India’s GDP by 2035 with artificial intelligence (AI).
  • Initiatives taken by government incentivising research and development 
  • Hurdles in those initiatives and few suggestions

Conclusion

Mention need of spending more on R&D activities.