Q.1) Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is considered one of the most significant challenges the world faces today. Discuss the impacts and steps taken to fight AMR. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? -  Recently, a global group called ‘One Health Global Leaders Group on Antimicrobial Resistance’ was launched in the wake of rising antimicrobial resistance (AMR). 

Intro - Define AMR.

Body - 

  • Reasons for its spread
  • Impact 
  • Challenges
  • Steps taken

Way ahead - One Health Approach etc.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) Analyse the advantages and disadvantages of the “Time Use Survey'' (TUS). What is its significance? (250 words)

Why this question?

  • The all India Time Use Survey, 2019 has been published by the Government of India. It has covered the entire country for the first time.

Introduction: Give a brief info about TUS



  • Measures participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • Measures the time spent in unpaid care-giving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service producing activities of the household members. 
  • Measures time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities, self-care activities, etc., by the household members.

Disadvantages of TUS

  • Information regarding capital is not collected by this TUS in the background questionnaire. 
  • Not accounting informal work:

Significance of TUS

  • Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG): 
  • Resolution of the 19th International Conference on Labour Statistics, International Labour Organization 2013

Conclusion: Summarize the above points


Q.3) The Indian government is in the forefront to usher in economic revolution through the Blue Revolution in the country. However, the sector faces many challenges. Discuss (15 marks 250 words)

Why this question?

The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, is celebrating the ‘World Fisheries Day.


Mention few stats regarding performance of fisheries sector in India


  • Blue revolution and its achievements
  • Mention details of Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)
  • Challenges faced by fisheries sector
    • Realising sustainable potential
    • Overexploitation
    • Regulation etc
  • Suggest few improvements


Mention the target to achieve fish production to 22 million metric tonnes (MMT) by 2024-25


Q.4) What are neutralizing antibodies? Also, discuss their significance in the context of COVID-19.

Why this question?

A recent study in Pune has revealed that nearly 85% of the people who had been found infected with COVID-19 in a serosurvey, had developed neutralizing antibodies


Mention in brief about active and passive immunity


  • Details of antibodies
  • Mention about neutralizing antibodies and their role
  • Significance in the context of COVID-19
  • Other details


Summarize the above discussion