current-affairs-based-mains-drill-21-january-2021

 

Q.1) The recently updated privacy policy of WhatsApp infringes Right to Privacy. Discuss the need of a regulatory policy to address such concerns.

Why the question:

It is an evident part of daily current affairs and directly linked with the right to privacy of the citizens.

Key demand of the question:

To explain the need of a law that regulates such privacy infringements of the citizens.

Directive: 

Discuss- back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context and finally arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Write about the recent update of the whatsapp privacy policy and what it does.

Body:

Mention the implications of such an update on the users including how it takes away the right of the users to not share their information with platforms such as facebook, how is it against the data protection bill,2019, and also against the recommendations of Srikrishna Committee and also mention the impact that it will have on data critical for the security and sovereignty of the country.

The next part specifically focuses on the need for a regulatory policy to address the negative implications especially on the rights of the citizens. Link it with the SC judgment in K S Puttaswamy case which declared “Right to privacy as a fundamental right of citizens.” 

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward so that such incidents can be minimized.

 

Q.2) What is vaccine hesitancy? How can the issue be resolved for effective implementation of vaccine roll out policy in India?

Why this question:

Recent rollout of the covid 19 vaccine and the response it is generating among the citizens 

Key demand of the question:

Give a detailed list of institutional measures for effective implementation of vaccine roll out policy in India.

Introduction:

Explain what is vaccine hesitancy and why is it caused.

Body:

Give an account on how vaccine hesitancy can hinder the fight against covid19 and its causes and implications. 

Next, Give a detailed list of measures that the government can take for effective vaccine rollout and how the civil society organisations can also help in it, how the public needs to be persuaded and their confidence in the vaccine has to be built, what are the measures that hospital staff need to take,etc.

Conclusion:

Mention what will happen if there is an increase in vaccine hesitancy and how in history it has been a barrier in elimination of diseases.

 

Q.3) The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting brought OTT platforms under its purview. Critically examine the need for regulation of OTT platforms.

Why this question:

It is a prominent part of daily current affairs.

Key demand of the question:

Implications that such regulation will have on the citizens especially when right to entertainment is an integral part of Article 21.

Directive:

Critically examine- Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding the topic. Try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues identified are most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.

Introduction:

Mention about the recent policy of the government to regulate content on the OTT platforms.

Body:

Firstly mention the need of such a step by the government citing examples from recent incidents where content on the OTT caused chaos in the public.

Then write in detail about the positive and the negative impacts of such a regulation on the consumers as well as producers i.e. how it affects the right to do business freely, right to information, right to entertainment.

Conclusion

Conclude by giving a way forward.


 

Q.4) Enumerate the key features of Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules 2020.

Why this question:

The recent notification by the government of the rules.

Key Demand of the question:

Provision of the Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules 2020 and the previous Electricity Act (2003).

Directive:

Enumerate - Specifically asking you to provide details in a pointwise format. 

Introduction:

Write when the rules were brought in by the government and why they were brought in.

Body:

Give a detailed list of the provisions under the Electricity (rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020 and analyze them in the next part.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the significance of the move.

 

Q.5) NITI Aayog released the second edition of Innovation Index. In this context, discuss the need of innovation and startups in India.

Why this question:

Recent release of the Innovation Index by the NITI Aayog

Key demand of the question:

Need for innovation and startups in India.

Directive:

Discuss:  back up the answer by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of the given context. Lastly, arrive at a conclusion.

Introduction:

Write about the innovation index, when was it launched, its significance, performance of different states.

Body:

Firstly, give an account of the need for innovation and startups in India.

Then mention the measures that the government needs to take to strengthen them and also give examples of policies that the government has introduced so far in this context.

Then give a list of implications that such measures will have on the indian economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing the need of these measures to reach the goal of a $5tn economy by 2024.

 

Q.6) Biomedical wastes have been an important environmental concern post covid crisis. Critically analyze how biomedical waste can be processed to have a sustainable environment.

Why this question:

The topic is an important part of GS III and also a regular part of current affairs.

Key demand of the question:

Talk about the negative impacts of biomedical waste on the environment and humans, the need and the ways to minimize it.

Directive:

Critically analyze- The key to tackling this question is providing ample evidence to support the claims. Ensure that the analysis is balanced by shedding light on, and presenting a critique of, and alternative perspectives. Present extensive evidence taken from a varying range of sources.

Introduction:

Define what is biomedical waste and where does it come from.

Body:

Give an account of the current disposal methods of biomedical waste, the impact that it has on the environment and health of human beings, trees, soil, animal and aquatic life.

In the next part give a list of measures to process these wastes and how the government is taking steps to tackle it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing how management of biomedical waste is necessary for sustainable development and also a healthier environment.

 

Q.7) Discuss the critical role played by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in providing a specialist response to various disasters in the country. (15 Marks - 250  Words)

Why this question? -  Recently, the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) celebrated its 16th Foundation Day on 20 January 2021. 

Intro - Mention some of the recent disasters where NDRF played a proactive role.

Body:

  • Origin of NDRF
  • The constitution of NDRF and its structure
  • Diverse role of NDRF
  • Challenges

Way ahead:

  • Suggestions to improve the DM architecture 
    • Upgradation of technology
    • Coordination with other forces etc

Conclusion: One can conclude by highlighting the best practice in the state of Odisha.

 

Q.8) Compare and contrast the pardoning power of the President of the US with that of the pardoning power of the President of India. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - The President of the USA Donald Trump has recently pardoned his former chief strategist, just hours before he leaves the White House. 

Intro - Define pardoning powers.

Body

  • Similarities between pardoning powers of US and Indian presidents.
  • Differentiate between pardoning powers of US and Indian presidents.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.