Q.1) Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) platform would lessen the burden on the RE-rich States and incentivize them to develop RE capacity beyond their own RPO. Comment (150 words)
Why this question?
A pan-India Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) has been launched in electricity through video conference recently.
Mention India’s target of 175 GW RE Capacity by 2022
- Background of RPOs
- Feature of GTAM
- Benefits of GTAM
Conclude by suggesting steps to make it better.
Q.2) There is a strong need for a strong and fair digital economy. Discuss in light of the report submitted by the Gopalakrishnan Committee set up by the government on developing a governance framework for non-personal data. (15M, 250 Words)
Why this question?
The Gopalakrishnan Committee set up by the government on developing a governance framework for non-personal data recently put out its draft report for public consultation. Thus the question.
Introduction: Mention the economic importance of data and need for its regulation.
- Recommendation of the Gopalakrishnan Committee
- Need for a strong and fair digital economy:
- The infrastructural nature of data
- Digital vertical integration
- Digital monopoly
Conclusion: The final draft of the non-personal data governance framework must clearly define the roles for all participants, such as the data principal, the data custodian, and data trustees.
Q.3) COVID-19, is leaving a lasting impression on education. The scaling of operations that would include the dual modes of online and offline is going to be expensive due to a dual mode of educational delivery. Discuss and suggest a way forward for facilitating digital education in India. (15M, 250 words)
Why the question?
- Covid-19 is threatening educational institutions to shut down or downsize that will affect jobs and livelihoods. Thus the question.
Introduction: For professional and non-professional courses, the students are opting for courses as they could cut back and save on hostel, mess and travel costs which means that some institutions may well have to shut down due to their inability to meet costs.
Body: Discuss the economic concerns associated with the shift towards digital education.
Costly digital learning infrastructure: The scaling of operations that would include the dual modes of online and offline is going to be expensive due to a dual mode of educational delivery.
- The new social distancing norms
- increased costs of IT infrastructure
- new hiring in the IT sector and increased costs due to engagements with Massive Open Online Courses, or MOOCs, and other online platforms.
- Creation of virtual laboratories across all domains of studies and examination centres, etc. would add to the financial woes.
- All faculty members are not adept in online teaching. Therefore, additional funds have to be allocated to train faculty for online teaching.
- Soft loans
- Financial autonomy
Conclusion: ‘Acadonomics’ of the future will not only decide the fate of the academic sector in India but also its quality, ranking, research, innovation potential and its collective impact on our country’s economy.