current-affairs-based-mains-drill-2-november-2021

 

Q. How are air masses classified? Explain the process of formation of air masses? What is the impact of air mases on weather across the world?

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the classification, process of formation and the impact of air masses in weather.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what air masses are and the chief characteristics of Air masses.

Body:

First, bring out the classification of Air Masses – various types, their characteristics.

Next, write about the processes behind the formation of air masses – essential conditions for formation of an air mass such as uniformity in meteorological conditions, ample time and plain topography which plays an assisting role.

Next, explain how air masses impact the micro climate – creation of an occluded front, maritime air masses causing rainfall, cyclonic and anti-cyclonic conditions etc. Give examples for these impacts on micro climate.

Conclusion:

Summarise the major impacts air masses.

 

Q. What is frontogenesis? Discuss the inversion of temperature across a front and its impact? 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write frontogenesis, frontal inversion and its impact.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define frontogenesis.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various causes/factors for frontogenesis – Horizontal divergence/difluence, Horizontal deformation, Vorticity, Tilting effects, Adiabatic heating etc.

Next, explain the process of frontal inversion. Use a small diagram for better representation.

Next, write about the impacts of frontal inversion – rainfall, visibility etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Q. Critically comment on the new phenomena of ageism being crept into mainstream society and the view that higher aged population to be more of a liability than an asset.

Why the question:

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the phenomena of age related stereotypes in the society especially in workspace.

Directive word:

Critically comment – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘comment’ is prefixed, we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define ageism and its associated features.

Body:

Mention by stating the present trend of more entrepreneurs, innovators & business leads from the younger generation, that the elder generation is often seen as slower, change-resistant, expensive, and ultimately even useless. Mention about the elderly being neglected in many aspects including in their own families and in public policies. Mention about the need to recognise the wisdom and expertise of the so-called aged populace.

Write about the steps that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that we must have an inclusive approach to ensure a balanced, well-functioning society.