Q. Discuss the significance and challenges in front of India in building  good relation with Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? -  Recently, India hit out at the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) for making factually incorrect and unwarranted references to Jammu and Kashmir. 

Intro - Start with the context.


  • About OIC
  • India’s relationship with OIC
  • Significance of this relationship
  • Challenges

Way ahead - How to overcome these challenges.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.

Q. Examine the effects of El Nino and La Nina on Indian climate. (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the ongoing winter season in India will be colder than usual in several parts of India, thanks to the La Nina influence.

Intro - A brief about El Nino and La Nina.


  • About La Nina and El Nino.
  • Effect of La Nina and El Nino on Indian Climate.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.

Q) Given the nature of overcrowded and underfunded prison environments, the difficulties persons with disabilities face in society are exacerbated in prison. Examine the various rights of prisoners with disabilities. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • There has been much outrage expressed over the denial of a sipper and straw to Father Stan Swamy. Father Swamy, the 83-year-old activist who suffers from Parkinson’s disease, was arrested by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) for his alleged involvement in the 2018 Bhima Koregaon violence. Thus the question.

Introduction: Highlight the issue of overcrowded jails and difficulties for prisoners with disabilities.


  • The rights of prisoners with disabilities
    • The constitutional guarantees under Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution are available to persons with disabilities.
    • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 
    • The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
    • The Nelson Mandela Rules 
  • Significance of these rights

Conclusion: Summarize the above points.

Q) Critically analyze GST’s performance versus the promise that was made when GST was launched. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • GST inflows topped Rs. 1 lakh cr. for the second month in a row. Thus the question. 

Introduction: Mention in brief about the objectives of GST Act- uniform taxation system, checking cascading of taxes etc.


  • GST compensation shortfall:As per the Centre’s estimates, the States’ GST revenue gap in 2020-21 will amount to about ₹3 lakh crore, while cess collections are only projected to reach ₹65,000 crore, leaving a shortfall of ₹2.35 lakh crore.
  • The Tax buoyancy of GST revenue
  • GST evasion

Conclusion/ way forward: Rationalizing slab rates, greater compliance, inclusion of petroleum products etc.

The implementation of GST similarly has seen transitional difficulties coming to the forefront in the initial period. Hopefully, in future, we will see the GST yield more of the promised nectar.