current-affairs-based-mains-drill-19-october-2021

 

Q. Karst landforms are formed by water sinking and and the resulting chemical erosion of bedrock. Elaborate on the various types of Karst landforms.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the process of the formation of Karst landforms and their various types.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning of landforms formed by the action of ground water.

Body:

First, explain the chemical process by which Karst landforms are formed.

Next, Explain the features like; Sinkholes and caves are erosional landforms formed due to the action of ground water.

Next, explain depositional landforms of groundwater. With neat diagrams the karst landforms associated with groundwater.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such action of ground water in creation of landforms.

 

Q. We need to re-think the aims being pursued by disenfranchising undertrials as denying undertrial prisoners their right to vote undermines the very law  that is meant to give them a fair trial. Comment.

Why the question:

In a recent case, Praveen Kumar Chaudhary v. Election Commission of India, the Delhi High Court reaffirmed that prisoners do not have a right to vote.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the implications of denying under-trial prisoners the right to vote.

Directive word:

Comment– here we must express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning disqualifications to be voter under article 326 and section 62(5) of the Representation of People Act, 1951.

Body:

First, write about the implications of denying vote to undertrial prisoners – undertrial prisoners remain in jail because of their inability to pay the requisite bail bond, access legal aid, negates their civic capacity and revokes their social status etc.

Next, talk about the aspect such as resource crunch, administrative inconvenience and logistical problems in making facilities for undertrials to vote.

Conclusion:

Comment on the way forward that is need to adopted in this regard.

 

Q. Making of an efficient flood risk management strategy and its implementation require active participation of the flood prone local community. Examine. 

Why the question:

At least 25 people have lost their lives in Kerala’s floods that took on alarming proportions over the weekend. Triggered by heavy rains in the south-west tip of the Indian peninsula, the inundation has revived memories of a deluge in 2018.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of involving and empowering local communities in flood management strategy.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of recent floods and rising trends of flood across India.

Body:

First, write about the how floods impact the local communities and their livelihoods.

Next, write about the benefits of involving local communities in planning, preparation, adaptation, mitigation and rehabilitation process of flood risk management. Also, speak on the limitations of centralised approach to flood management.

Next, write about the need to address the long terms causes like climate change, unplanned development, destruction of fragile ecosystems etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward