current-affairs-based-mains-drill-18-june-2020

 

Q.1) Without a full restoration of the status quo ante, as well as some honest commitment to abide fully by any agreement, talks with Beijing at this point might not mean more than empty words. Examine the above statement in the context of recent stand-off between India and China forces.

Why this question? - In a first such face off between Indian and Chinese forces in 45 years, 20 Indian soldiers were killed in the Galwan Valley in Ladakh.

Intro - Tell about the recent stand-offs between India and China and in which region they are taking place.

Body - Highlight the reasons for these stand-offs. Then mention steps to be taken by both to restore the status quo.

Way ahead - Tell for establishing long lasting peace both sides have to respect agreements reached and CBMs.

Conclusion - The time like this(pandemic), requires cooperation not conflict between both.

 

Q.2) Though India has not directly entered into any loan agreement with China, the debt diplomacy of China is a cause of concern for India. Analyse (250 words)

Why this question?

China has been using the financial tool of debt to gain influence across the world

Intro:

In brief about debt trap diplomacy

Body:

  • Mention the cycle of debt diplomacy along with final step of demand of concessions by China
  • Mention India’s neighbourhood countries fallen prey to this diplomacy
    • Sri-Lanka
    • OBOR countries nearby
    • Djibouti
    • Angola
  • Mention AIIB and India being the top borrower
  • Implications on India
    • Regional Security issues
    • Economic perspective
    • Soft power etc

Conclusion:

Further reinforcement of India’s counter ‘Act East policy’

 

Q.3) India ‘s denial of granting market economy status to China would have deep implications. Comment (150 words)

Why this question?

India recently rejected China’s demand to grant it market economy status.

Intro:

Mention ongoing face-off between the two armies along the Line of Actual Control (LAC)

Body:

  • In brief about market economy status
  • Why it has been denied
  • Implications on China
    • Anti-dumping duties
    • Same stance taken by the US and EU etc
  • Implications on India
    • Trade stats 
    • China as a one of India’s largest trading partners etc

Conclusion

The time like this(pandemic), requires cooperation not conflict between both.

 

Q.4) NEET was introduced with a noble intention but is not free from potholes. Comment. 10 marks (150 words)

Why this question:

Numerous Political parties had approached the SC arguing  that the action of the Centre and the Medical Council of India to fill the NEET All India Quota seats reserved for Backward Classes from the open category was unconstitutional.

Intro:

Brief about NEET

Body:

Benefits of NEET:

  • Uniform Standard
  • Less chance of cheating and rigging (Especially by Private Universities)
  • Saves Time and Cost
  • Reduce Pressure on students ( Fewer Entrance Tests)
  • Has Reservation provisions ( Supports Social Justice)

Shortcomings:

  • Exhibits Centralising Tendencies
  • Disadvantage to poor students who can’t afford the coaching
  • Bias to regional students as the paper is drafted in English and then converted which creates errors in understanding
  • Multiple paper gives multiple opportunities to students
  • Reservation Benefit being given to General Category

Conclude 

Address the shortcomings at the earliest for maintaining the sanctity of the test.

 

Q.5) The pandemic has reinforced the desire for greater global cooperation amongst most states.In this context, discuss multilateralism and highlight its significance.

Why in news:

  • The COVID-19 outbreak has placed all international institutions under a magnifying glass. By any measure, most have performed below par. 

Intro:

  • Define multilateralism 

Body:

  • Discuss how pandemic has affected multilateralism
  • The discuss about various challenges: US withdrawal from international organisation, China’s growing doomination
  • Discuss the significance of Multilateralism with specific interest of India

Conclusion:

  • Suggest some measures that India should take to prevent domination of any single country and promote multilateralism in its true spirit.