Q.1) A balance between culture and tradition on one hand and fundamental rights on the other will give an appropriate closure to the issue of Jallikattu. Comment (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - As Pongal celebrations began in Tamil Nadu, the traditional bull-taming sport - Jallikattu, has once again caught the attention.

Intro - A brief about the sport and its present status


  • Argument in favour (Cultural rights - Art 29)
  • Argument against (Animal rights - Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960)

Way ahead - A balance between culture and fundamental rights

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion


Q.2) How different is 5G technology from its predecessors? Where is India standing in the 5G technology race? (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? -  Recently, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT), government of India has sought inputs from telecom companies on the sale and use of radio frequency spectrum including the 5G bands. 

Intro - A brief about 5G


  • Difference between 5G and predecessors
  • India’s standing

Way ahead - A clear road map for telcos so that they can launch their services accordingly

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion


Q.3) What is judicial review? Discuss the various constitutional provisions that confer the power of judicial review and its significance. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • The Supreme Court’s recent order staying the implementation of three farm laws to thrash out issues between agitating farmers and the Union government, has been criticised by some.

Introduction: Explain judicial review, its origin.


  • Define judicial review as per Indian Constitution.
  • Various constitutional provisions: The Constitution of India provides for judicial review under Article 13, Articles 32 (Supreme Court) and 226 (High Court). 
  • Article13(2)
  • Article 135 
  • Article 372 


(a) To uphold the principle of the supremacy of the Constitution. 

(b) To maintain federal equilibrium (balance between the Centre and the states).

(c) To protect the Fundamental Rights of the citizens.

Conclusion: Summarize the discussion.