Q1) While the Prime Minister says India has the potential to become a hub for the global toy industry, artisans face a range of problems. Explain. Also suggest a way forward for developing India’s toy industry. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • The Prime Minister mentioned the brightly coloured Channapatna toys in his ‘Mann Ki Baat’ programme in August and emphasised on the promotion of locally manufactured toys.

Introduction: The Central government’s ‘Atmanirbhar’ policy is expected to boost the local toy industry. But an influx of cheap Chinese toys, high GST, lack of innovation and funds, and inadequate training plague the traditional industry.


  • Potential of India’s domestic toy industry
  • Govt. initiatives
  • Challenges to the industry

Way forward: 

  • Start-ups
  • A corpus fund
  • Training
  • Innovative tools and designs
  • Subsidised loans
  • Demand for eco-friendly toys

Conclusion: Artisans feel encouraged by the PM's push, but it will be realised only if their many problems are addressed and the government manages to bring the industry out of the woods.


Q.2) India fares poorly in Global Hunger Index,2020, Explain the reasons behind it. Also, mention various government food security initiatives.

Why this question?

Global Hunger Index 2020 is recently released


India has the highest prevalence of wasted children under five years in the world, which reflects acute undernutrition, according to the recently released Global Hunger Index 2020.


  • Mention in brief about global hunger index and it’s parameters
  • India’s performance in those parameters
  • Mention various reasons behind hunger correlating with poverty
  • Mention government schemes such as
    • NFSA
    • Role of FCI, PDS, Buffer stock
    • MSP etc
  • Problems associated


Mention SDG to end hunger by 2030


Q.3) The Coronavirus crisis is an opportune time for New Delhi to push for institutional changes and reformed multilateralism in the global system. Discuss. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • The United Nations turned 75 this year. Also India beat China in the elections for a seat on the UN’s Commission on the Status of Women (CSW). This was the first such victory in a decade.

Introduction: Multilateralism is under unprecedented stress fuelled by the COVID-19 pandemic and a certain disenchantment with globalisation. At the root, of course, is the rise of China and its challenge to U.S. global hegemony.


  • Reforms in the UN Security Council (UNSC) and at the Bretton Woods Institutions
  • Role of India and G4 in UN reforms
  • Challenges to India’s quest for UN reforms

Conclusion: Summarize and provide  a way forward