Q.1) The Parliament of India, the supreme legislative body of the nation needs to be reformed to fulfill its intended objective. Discuss (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - In response to a letter, the Parliamentary Affairs Minister has said that some opposition parties have opined of doing away with the winter session of the Parliament, amid pandemic. 

Intro - About the Parliamentary system in India and significance of Parliament in it.


  • Constitutional provisions wrt the summoning of Parliament
  • Role of Parliament
  • Functioning of parliament over the years - Challenges

Way ahead - Reforms needed - Recommendations of different committees

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) The calculated functional overlapping between the three organs of the government will facilitate smooth functioning of government, without undermining the principle of separation of power. Comment (15 Marks - 250 Words)

Why this question? - The decision by both Houses of the Maharashtra State Legislature has added a new twist to the debate over the separation of powers between the judiciary and legislature. 

Intro - Define doctrine of SoP

Body - 

  • Significance of functional overlapping in a parliamentary democracy like India
  • Issues with functional overlapping

Way ahead - How to overcome these issues.

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion


Q.3) WTO will have to grapple with the global economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic and work towards carrying out reforms for reviving the world economy. Examine the key issues before the World Trade Organization. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • For the first time in its 25-year history, the World Trade Organization (WTO) will be led by a woman, as both the contending candidates for the Director-General (D-G) post are women, from Nigeria and South Korea respectively. 

Introduction: Discuss n brief about the current crisis at the WTO.

Body: Key issues

  • Doha Development Agenda
  • Restoring the WTO dispute settlement mechanism
  • Change in the definition of “developing country” 
  • Fisheries subsidies negotiations
  • Tackling Covid-19, Vaccine distribution
  • Building trust

Conclusion: Summarize with way forward

Q.4) What is the Human Development index and how it is calculated? Examine the reasons behind India’s lagging in HDI rankings. (150 words)

Why this question?

  • India ranked 131 among 189 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI) for 2019, slipping two places from the previous year, according to the Human Development Report (HDR) 2020 released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

Introduction: Mention India’s recent HDI rankings and comparison with other prominent nations.


  • Definition and calculation of HDI
  • Reasons for India’s poor performance: Poverty, poor health infra, gender disparity, education related issues , jobless growth, poor industrialisation etc.

Conclusion: Summarize with a way forward