Q.1) The peace deal between UAE-Israel could sharpen the tripolar contest that is already at work in West Asia. In this context, critically analyze the geopolitical implications of the deal on India’s West Asia policy. (15 marks - 250 words)

Why this question? - Recently, the U.S. President announced that a peace agreement has been reached between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). 

Intro - India’s West Asia policy.

Body - 

  • The UAE-Israel peace deal.
  • Its implications for India - Positive and negative.

Way ahead - Future diplomatic engagements with West Asian countries will have to balance between - serving national interest on one side and not giving up its historical instance of 2 nation-state solution. 

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.2) Different legal ages for men and women to marry are violative of Articles 14 and 21 of the Constitution of India guaranteeing the right to equality and the right to live with dignity. Discuss (15 marks - 250 words)

Why this question? - Recently the Prime Minister of India as part of his Independence Day (74th) speech said that the central government has set up a committee to reconsider the minimum age of marriage for women.

Intro - Constitution of Ms Jaya Jaitly task force.

Body - 

  • Legal framework for age of consent in India.
  • Reasons for different age of consent for men and women.
  • Negative implications of this discrimination.

Way ahead

Recommendations of various national and international bodies:

  • CEDAW.
  • The Law Commission. 
  • The Supreme court:
    • National Legal Services Authority of India v Union of India (2014).
    • Joseph Shine v Union of India (2019).

Conclusion - Summarize based on above discussion.


Q.3) Only an Internet ombudsman can be an effective antidote to unregulated technological disruptions. Discuss (15M, 250 Words)

Why this question?

Newspaper Wall Street Journal’s report is claiming that a political party exercises "undue influence" over Facebook dominated social media.


  • Define the technological disruptions happening in the internet. Mention in brief about the recent instances of data theft, fake news and hate speech. 

Body: Mention the following concerns with data protection in India:

  • Absence of internet checks
  • Private firms and elections
  • Privacy issues
  • Section 35 of the Personal Data Protection Bill 

Conclusion: Only an Internet ombudsman with experts on cyber and Internet laws, IT, data management, data science, data security, public administration and national security, and consciously involving eminent sections of civil society, can be an effective antidote to unregulated technological disruptions.


Q.4) PM CARES fund would be an important tool to tackle the financial problems associated with COVID-19. Critically analyze. (250 words)

Why in the news?

PMO recently said that PM CARES is not a public authority under the RTI Act. 


Unprecedented threat of COVID-19 and need of financial impetus


  • About PM-CARES
  • Rationale for creation
  • Differences with PMNRF
  • Criticism of functioning
    • Lack of transparency and accountability
      • Not under RTI
      • Auditing
    • Unutilized funds of PMNRF


Mention the need for transparency for better functioning of the fund.