Q) What are the progress and challenges to the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in India over the past 5 years. Discuss. (250 words)

Why this question?

  • India got elected as Member of the UN Commission on the Status of Women, the principal global body focussed on gender equality and women empowerment, beating China in a hotly-contested election. Thus the question.

Introduction: Brief info about ‘Beijing Declaration’ and its 12 areas of critical concern.

Body: Discus following aspects

  • Significance of gender equality in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs)
  • Recent government schemes to achieve gender equality:
    • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
    • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
    • Scheme for Adolescent Girls
  • Concerns
    • Issues with schemes
    • Crime against women
    • Poor global rankings: India has been ranked 112th among 153 countries in the annual Global Gender Gap Index for 2020.

Conclusion: Summarize and suggest a way forward