current-affairs-based-mains-drill-16-october-2021

Q) The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean which faces active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Discuss the reasons for it. 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2022 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the reasons for the frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity in the Circum-pacific belt.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining what is Ring of fire and cite statistic related to the volcanism and eaqrthquake in the region.

Body:

First draw small, neat diagram of Ring of Fire and show its location, shape, and characteristics.

Next, discuss the formation of the Pacific Ring of Fire and explaining the reason behind its active state due to which it hosts the largest number of active volcanoes of the world, its association with plate tectonics. Give some of the important geological features associated with it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating relevance of the geographical feature to the world physiography.

 

Q) Inspite of  all the turmoil, the primary principle in any action towards Afghanistan should be guided by humanitarian concerns. Examine. 

Why the question:

The Group of 20 (G20) has agreed to work together to avoid a humanitarian disaster in Afghanistan, even if it means having to coordinate efforts with the Taliban, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi said after hosting an emergency summit.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for taking steps to address the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about the recent geo-political changes in Afghanistan.

Body:

First, mention the large-scale humanitarian crisis witnessed in Afghanistan in the aftermath of U.S withdrawal. Write about its impact.

Next, mention the need and the steps that are needed to address the crisis holistically. Mention the role India can assume in this.

Next, also mention these humanitarian efforts should also be complemented by boosting security measures.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Q) The Climate finance has remained dormant towards mitigation, without ensuring a balance between adaptation and mitigation. Discuss the various mechanisms to achieve Climate finance. 

Why the question:

Media reports have claimed that developed countries are inching closer to the target of providing $100 billion annually in climate finance to developing countries by 2025 (the original target was 2020).

Key Demand of the question:

To wrtie about the strategies against climate change and understanding of key role of climate finance.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief on Paris agreement and the difference in the adoption and mitigation approach to climate change with respect to the developed and developing nations.

Body:

Mention about Climate financing and mechanisms of it such as the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), both managed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Also, mention the need for a balance of mitigation as well as adaptation approaches. The path that should be taken in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that a global unified approach acknowledging the greater threats and challenges faced by the developing nations must be acknowledged by the climate financing mechanisms.